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Table 2 Mean ± SD of the Variables before and after the intervention among the groups

From: Pomegranate juice intake enhances the effects of aerobic training on insulin resistance and liver enzymes in type 2 diabetic men: a single-blind controlled trial

Variables AT + PJI (n = 9) AT (n = 10) PJI (n = 9) C (n = 10) P-Value a
Age (years) 43.22 ± 2.48 42.60 ± 1.89 41.33 ± 1.50 41.81 ± 1.88 0.336
Height 162 ± 54.18 166 ± 5.45 164.55 ± 4.79 164.45 ± 5.78 0.393
Body Weight (Kg)
 Before 90.44 ± 4.92 88.80 ± 3.35 88.44 ± 2.50 90.09 ± 4.20  
 After 85.22 ± 2.81 85.20 ± 3.45 86.22 ± 2.77 92.45 ± 5
 P† 0.001* 0.001* 0.003* 0.001*  
 Δ −5.22 ± 2.11 β −3.60 ± 0.10 β − 2.22 ± 0.02 β 2.36 ± 0.80 0.001 ¥
BMI (kg/m2)
 Before 34.55 ± 3.14 32.28 ± 1.78 32.69 ± 1.30 33.34 ± 1.51  
 After 32.54 ± 2.25 30.97 ± 1.73 31.86 ± 1.13 34.22 ± 1.88  
 P† 0.001* 0.018* 0.033* 0.028*  
 Δ −2.01 ± 0.89 β −1.31 ± 0.05 β −0.86 ± 0.17 β 0.88 ± 0.37 0.002 ¥
Body Fat Percent (%)
 Before 37.55 ± 3.04 36.10 ± 3.41 35.33 ± 3.31 35.27 ± 3.52  
 After 31.66 ± 3.53 31.10 ± 3.84 34.11 ± 2.61 36.81 ± 3.76
 P† 0.001* 0.001* 0.016* 0.001*
 Δ −5.89 ± 0.49 β −5 ± 0.43 β −1.22 ± 0.70 β 1.54 ± 0.24 0.002 ¥
WHR
 Before 0.99 ± 0.06 0.98 ± 0.04 0.97 ± 0.03 0.98 ± 0.02  
 After 0.95 ± 0.02 0.96 ± 0.01 0.95 ± 0.02 0.99 ± 0.03  
 P† 0.001* 0.001* 0.001* 0.002*  
 Δ −0.04 ± 0.04 β −0.02 ± 0.03 β −0.02 ± 0.01 β 0.01 ± 0.01 0.028 ¥
  1. AT + PJI Aerobic training + pomegranate juice intake group, AT Aerobic training group, PJI pomegranate juice intake group, C the control group
  2. *Data analysis was done by the analysis of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least significant difference post-hoc Tukey’s test after adjustment for baseline values; P†: Statistical analysis was done by paired sample t-test
  3. *: Significantly different in comparison pre and post within the groups
  4. ¥: Significantly different comparing Δ between groups
  5. β: Significantly different compared with C