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Table 3 Mean ± SD of the nutrients intakes before and after the intervention

From: Pomegranate juice intake enhances the effects of aerobic training on insulin resistance and liver enzymes in type 2 diabetic men: a single-blind controlled trial

CHO intake (gm/d)      
 Before 523.11 ± 23.16 530.44 ± 43.17 515.24 ± 23.27 528.16 ± 16.29
 After 520.32 ± 17.21 528.22 ± 34.36 514.45 ± 13.12 532.23 ± 37.19
 P† 0.231* 0.264* 0.689* 0.201
 Δ −2.79 ± 5.95 −2.22 ± 8.81 −0.79 ± 10.15 4.07 ± 20.90 0.054
Proteins intake (gm/d)      
 Before 125.16 ± 5.06 127.21 ± 3.03 124.11 ± 5.03 125.15 ± 6.32
 After 124.12 ± 3.23 126.26 ± 4.13 123.24 ± 4.16 126.12 ± 4.06
 P† 0.223* 0.293* 0.384* 0.321
 Δ 1.04 ± 1.83 0.95 ± 1.10 −0.87 ± 0.87 0.97 ± 2.26 0.086
Lipids intake (gm/d)      
 Before 96.14 ± 4.16 98.33 ± 2.28 94.13 ± 6.25 93.57 ± 3.11
 After 95.05 ± 3.08 97.36 ± 3.21 93.24 ± 2.34 94.16 ± 4.08
 P† 0.216* 0.253* 0.361* 0.454
 Δ −1.09 ± 1.08 −0.97 ± 0.93 −0.89 ± 3.91 0.59 ± 0.97 0.068
Energy intake (Kcal/d)
 Before 3458.34 ± 50.10 3515.57 ± 68.44 3404.57 ± 56.48 3455.37 ± 39.47  
 After 3433.21 ± 36.49 3494.16 ± 60.95 3389.92 ± 30.06 3480.84 ± 67.24  
 P† 0.117 0.183 0.215 0.108  
 Δ −25.13 ± 13.61 −21.41 ± 7.49 −14.65 ± 26.42 25.47 ± 27.77 0.052
  1. AT + PJI Aerobic training + pomegranate juice intake group, AT Aerobic training group, PJI pomegranate juice intake group, C the control group
  2. *Data analysis was done by the analysis of one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and least significant difference post-hoc Tukey’s test after adjustment for baseline values; P†: Statistical analysis was done by paired sample t-test
  3. *: Significantly different in comparison pre and post within the groups
  4. ¥: Significantly different comparing Δ between groups
  5. β: Significantly different compared with C