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Table 4 Pooled discrete-time hazard models of child survival, all children, NDHS 1996–2006

From: Gender, nutritional disparities, and child survival in Nepal

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Breastfeeding duration (months) 0.96*** [0.96,0.97] 0.96*** [0.96,0.97] 0.96*** [0.96,0.97]
Child is Female 0.94*** [0.90,0.97] 0.91*** [0.88,0.95] 0.93* [0.87,0.99]
Child’s Birth Order 0.67*** [0.63,0.70]     
1st Born (ref) 0.70*** [0.66,0.74]     
2nd/3rd Born       
4th + Born       
Birth Order & Sibling Gender
1st Born (ref)       
2nd/3rd Born, No Brothers    0.59*** [0.55,0.63] 0.63*** [0.58,0.68]
2nd/3rd Born, 1+ Brother(s)    0.71*** [0.67,0.75] 0.70*** [0.65,0.75]
4th + Born, No Brothers    0.62*** [0.54,0.72] 0.66*** [0.57,0.77]
4th + Born, 1+ Brother(s)    0.77*** [0.72,0.83] 0.76*** [0.70,0.83]
Interactions
Female*2nd/3rd Born, No Brothers      0.62*** [0.51,0.76]
Female*2nd/3rd Born, 1+ Brother(s)      1.02 [0.93,1.12]
Female*4th + Born, No Brothers      0.63* [0.41,0.97]
emale*4th + Born, 1+ Brother(s)      1.02 [0.93,1.12]
  1. Notes: Models control for maternal age and education, child age, urban residence, region, household poverty, household size, survey year, interview month, ethnicity, and religion; * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001