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Table 1 Demographics of the college students by eight snacking categories

From: Snacking pattern of college students in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

  Fruit and vegetables caffeinated drinks Sweetened energy dense beverages Dairy products Grains Fast food Chips Sweet
Gender
 Male 3.03 ± 1.43 2.82 ± 1.46 2.60 ± 1.58 2.20 ± 0.94 2.01 ± 0.92 2.89 ± 1.45 1.71 ± 1.33 2.46 ± 1.05
 Female 3.11 ± 1.38 3.05 ± 1.27 2.03 ± 1.16 2.14 ± 0.86 2.25 ± 0.93 2.88 ± 1.29 1.77 ± 1.34 2.75 ± 1.00
P value 0.59 0.09 < 0.001 0.63 0.06 0.93 0.62 0.01
Age
 18-21 3.14 ± 1.36 2.99 ± 1.28 2.05 ± 1.18 2.17 ± 0.87 2.22 ± 0.85 2.91 ± 1.30 1.73 ± 1.32 2.74 ± 1.01
 22-25 3.05 ± 1.42 3.05 ± 1.33 2.20 ± 1.32 2.14 ± 0.86 2.21 ± 1.02 2.86 ± 1.33 1.81 ± 1.36 2.67 ± 1.02
P value 0.38 0.57 0.13 0.72 0.86 0.69 0.46 0.43
Academic years
 1-3 3.16 ± 1.41 3.05 ± 1.32 2.11 ± 1.24 2.19 ± 0.92 2.29 ± 0.99 2.92 ± 1.39 1.73 ± 1.33 2.71 ± 1.10
 4-5 3.03 ± 1.36 2.98 ± 1.28 2.12 ± 1.26 2.12 ± 0.82 2.14 ± 0.87 2.85 ± 1.22 1.80 ± 1.34 2.71 ± 0.92
P value 0.22 0.46 0.96 0.38 0.08 0.46 0.54 0.96
Monthly household income (SR):*
 <  5000 2.93 ± 1.38 2.91 ± 1.20 2.03 ± 1.14 2.04 ± 0.79 2.25 ± 0.86 2.83 ± 1.44 1.78 ± 1.41 2.62 ± 1.05
 5000-15,000 3.00 ± 1.31 3.01 ± 1.31 2.06 ± 1.19 2.18 ± 0.91 2.17 ± 0.85 2.75 ± 1.19 1.72 ± 1.24 2.66 ± 0.94
 > 15,000 3.33 ± 1.47 3.09 ± 1.35 2.24 ± 1.37 2.19 ± 0.86 2.26 ± 1.07 3.09 ± 1.36 1.81 ± 1.41 2.82 ± 1.07
P value 0.007 0.40 0.16 0.41 0.59 0.01 0.78 0.09
Physical activity
 Inactive 2.76 ± 1.22 2.90 ± 1.29 2.22 ± 1.24 1.96 ± 0.73 2.12 ± 0.88 2.96 ± 1.22 1.69 ± 1.26 2.69 ± 1.03
 Active 3.34 ± 1.44 3.11 ± 1.31 2.04 ± 1.25 2.28 ± 0.93 2.28 ± 0.96 2.83 ± 1.37 1.81 ± 1.39 2.72 ± 1.00
P value < 0.001 0.05 0.06 < 0.001 0.07 0.22 0.23 0.67
Obesity status
 Non-obese 3.10 ± 1.41 2.92 ± 1.26 2.06 ± 1.16 2.13 ± 0.85 2.24 ± 0.94 2.91 ± 1.34 1.69 ± 1.31 2.70 ± 1.03
 Obese 3.11 ± 1.35 3.22 ± 1.37 2.25 ± 1.41 2.21 ± 0.91 2.17 ± 0.91 2.83 ± 1.24 1.92 ± 1.38 2.73 ± 0.97
P value 0.99 0.006 0.07 0.41 0.52 0.45 0.04 0.67
  1. Data presented as mean and standard deviation
  2. P value was analyzed using independent t-test
  3. * P value was analyzed using one way ANOVA