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Table 3 Differences of the adherence of snacking pattern among 662 Saudi college students

From: Snacking pattern of college students in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

  Convenience snack Fast foods Sweet snacks Healthy snacks Beverages Dairy products and substitutes Caffeinated drinks
Gender
 Male Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Female 0.04 (−0.03 − 0.1) 0.001 (− 0.08-0.1) 0.01 (− 0.07-0.1) 0.01 (− 0.1-0.1) -0.1 (− 0.2- -0.01) − 0.09 (− 0.1- -0.002) 0.1 (− 0.02- 0.3)
P value 0.25 0.97 0.71 0.83 0.03 0.04 0.08
Age
 18-21 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 22-29 −0.02 (−0.07-0.04) − 0.02 (− 0.08-0.04) −0.02 (− 0.1 − 0.04) -0.04 (− 0.1-0.03) −0.01 (− 0.07-0.06) −0.001 (− 0.06 − 0.06) 0.01 (− 0.1-0.1)
P value 0.52 0.53 0.53 0.25 0.87 0.98 0.81
Academic years
 1-3 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 4-5 −0.06 (−0.1- -0.003) -0.06 (− 0.1- -0.003) −0.05 (− 0.1- 0.01) −0.06 (− 0.1- 0.01) −0.01 (− 0.08- 0.05) −0.03 (− 0.1- 0.03) −0.04 (− 0.1-0.1)
P value 0.03 0.04 0.11 0.12 0.71 0.35 0.53
Monthly household income (SR):
 <  5000 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 5000-15,000 −0.04 (−0.1- 0.03) −0.07 (− 0.1- 0.01) −0.05 (− 0.1- 0.03) 0.03 (− 0.07- 0.1) 0.01 (− 0.08- 0.1) 0.0003 (− 0.09- 0.1) 0.07 (− 0.1- 0.2)
 > 15,000 0.03 (− 0.05- 0.1) 0.006 (− 0.08- 0.1) 0.01 (− 0.08- 0.1) 0.1 (0.04- 0.1) 0.07 (− 0.02- 0.1) 0.1 (−0.003- 0.1) 0.1 (− 0.02- 0.3)
P value 0.09 0.05 0.18 0.006 0.22 0.04 0.22
Physical activity
  Inactive Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
  Active 0.05 (−0.003- 0.1) 0.01 (−0.04- 0.08) −0.01 (− 0.08- 0.05) 0.1 (0.1-0.2) 0.08 (0.01- 0.1) 0.06 (− 0.003- 0.1) 0.1 (− 0.03- 0.2)
P value 0.06 0.62 0.63 < 0.001 0.01 0.06 0.14
Obesity status
 Non-obese Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Obese 0.02 (−0.03- 0.08) −0.003 (−0.07-0.06) −0.003 (− 0.07- 0.07) 0.03 (− 0.05- 0.1) 0.08 (0.01- 0.1) 0.07 (0.005- 0.1) 0.1 (− 0.005- 0.2)
P value 0.44 0.92 0.94 0.47 0.02 0.03 0.05
  1. Data presented as Beta coefficient and 95% confidential interval
  2. P value was analyzed using a univariate linear regression model