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Table 2 Dietary intake of study participants among tertiles of mMED diet score

From: A greater modified Mediterranean diet score is associated with lower insomnia score among adolescent girls: a cross-sectional study

Components of mMED diet score Tertiles of mMED diet score P-valuea
T1 T2 T3
  Fruits (g/1000 kcal) 75.66 ± 61.37 86.92 ± 73.34 107.90 ± 78.54  < 0.001
  Vegetables (g/1000 kcal) 79.88 ± 54.83 91.04 ± 71.05 104.04 ± 60.36  < 0.001
  Whole grain (g/1000 kcal) 190.74 ± 73.54 192.19 ± 73.92 196.29 ± 62.49 0.671
  Legumes (g/1000 kcal) 27.79 ± 21.87 33.10 ± 27.92 37.14 ± 23.35  < 0.001
  Nuts (g/1000 kcal) 4.85 ± 9.84 6.11 ± 8.87 7.14 ± 7.07 0.012
  Fish (g/1000 kcal) 2.46 ± 3.79 3.59 ± 7.11 3.68 ± 3.44 0.016
  MUFA/SFA 15.70 ± 6.17 12.41 ± 5.44 10.67 ± 4.29  < 0.001
  Total dairy (g/1000 kcal) 180.28 ± 99.71 143.14 ± 90.57 113.40 ± 75.88  < 0.001
  Total Red meat (g/1000 kcal) 7.85 ± 6.53 6.44 ± 5.71 6.20 ± 5.44 0.003
Dietary nutrient intakes
  Total energy (Kcal) 2404.47 ± 764.67 2872.64 ± 803.78 3157.31 ± 731.18  < 0.001
  Protein (%) 13.74 ± 2.28 13.50 ± 2.21 13.56 ± 2.13 0.435
  Carbohydrate (%) 53.61 ± 7.47 55.37 ± 7.40 56.65 ± 6.43  < 0.001
  Total fat (%) 34.67 ± 8.10 33.60 ± 7.62 32.46 ± 6.72 0.004
  Cholesterol (g/1000 kcal) 115.69 ± 58.77 86.56 ± 50.56 73.62 ± 42.22  < 0.001
  SFA (g/1000 kcal) 14.68 ± 5.45 10.80 ± 4.60 8.45 ± 3.47  < 0.001
  MUFA (g/1000 kcal) 15.70 ± 6.17 12.41 ± 5.44 10.67 ± 4.29  < 0.001
  PUFA (g/1000 kcal) 10.30 ± 4.86 8.50 ± 4.30 7.70 ± 3.53  < 0.001
  Dietary fiber (g/1000 kcal) 15.89 ± 5.78 17.07 ± 6.59 18.01 ± 5.27  < 0.001
  Sodium (mg/1000 kcal) 1911.02 ± 843.30 1617.28 ± 763.77 1405.63 ± 458.00  < 0.001
  Potassium (mg/1000 kcal) 1358.28 ± 263.59 1377.81 ± 304.44 1428.25 ± 242.34 0.012
  Vitamin A (mcg/1000 kcal) 230.80 ± 316.11 208.97 ± 114.36 224.49 ± 123.66 0.627
  Beta-carotene (mcg/1000 kcal) 1156.55 ± 876.37 1187.83 ± 820.35 1508.84 ± 1080.82  < 0.001
  Vitamin C (mg/1000 kcal) 32.45 ± 18.94 35.68 ± 23.43 41.61 ± 19.62  < 0.001
  Vitamin E (mcg/1000 kcal) 4.95 ± 2.20 4.98 ± 1.95 5.26 ± 1.81 0.198
  Iron (mg/1000 kcal) 7.06 ± 1.45 7.55 ± 1.49 7.83 ± 1.33  < 0.001
  Folate (mcg/1000 kcal) 223.36 ± 50.05 228.87 ± 49.98 237.11 ± 45.83 0.006
  Calcium (mg/1000 kcal) 459.66 ± 141.62 408.94 ± 123.18 378.35 ± 112.02  < 0.001
  1. Data reported as mean ± SD
  2. aObtained from One-way ANOVA
  3. mMED Modified Mediterranean diet