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Table 3 Determinants of iron supplementation for pregnant women, Southern and Eastern Regions of Ethiopia

From: Magnitude and factors associated with iron supplementation among pregnant women in Southern and Eastern Regions of Ethiopia: Further Analysis of mini demographic and health survey 2019

Variable Characteristics Received Iron COR95%CI AOR95%CI
Yes No
Age of respondent \(\le\) 24 240(51.7%) 224(48.3%) 1.52(1.158, 2.001)**  
25–29 311(54.0%) 265(46.0%) 1.66(1.283, 2.166)***  
30–34 183(50.8%) 177(49.2%) 1.46(1.098, 1.964)*  
\(\ge\) 35 157(41.3%) 223(58.7%) 1  
Educational attainment No education 409(38.4%) 656(61.6%) 1 1
Primary education 304(60.4%) 199(39.6%) 2.45(1.972, 3.045)*** 1.21(0.883,1.648)
Secondary & above 178(84.0%) 34(16.0%) 8.39(5.702, 12.366)*** 1.19(0.872, 1.630)**
Residence Urban 331(70.9%) 136(29.1%) 3.27(2.606, 4.109)*** 2.20 (1.325,3.638)**
Rural 560(42.7%) 753(57.3%) 1 1
Media in home No 421(64.6%) 231(35.4%) 1 1
Yes 470(41.7%) 658(58.3%) 0.39(0.321, 0.478)*** 1.41(1.022,1.946)*
Region SNNPR 190(49.1%) 197(50.9%) 1 1
Somali 58(17.1%) 282(82.9%) 0.87(0.670, 1.149) 0.39(0.238, 0.626)***
Afar 244(52.4%) 222(47.6%) 0.18(0.134, 0.262)*** 0.68(0.460,1.004)
Harari 207(67.4%) 100(32.6%) 1.88(1.395, 2.542)*** 1.17(0.740, 1.867)
Dire Dawa 192(68.6%) 88(31.4%) 1.98(1.455, 2.709)*** 0.93(0.582,1.479)
ANC follow up No 858(76.1%) 270(23.9%) 1 1
Yes 33(5.1%) 619(94.9%) 59.60(40.930, 86.808)*** 9.27(4.727, 18.169)***
Number of ANC follow up Less than four 411(34.1%) 794(65.9%) 1 1
Four and more 480(83.5%) 95(16.5%) 9.76(7.600, 12.537)*** 2.01(1.468,2.760)***
ANC follow up: Governmental HIs No 131(16.4%) 668(83.6%) 1 1
Yes 760(77.5%) 221(22.5%) 17.53(13.797, 22.288)*** 3.40(1.934, 5.982)***
Place of delivery Home 280(29.2%) 678(70.8%) 1 1
Governmental HIs 563(75.9%) 179(24.1%) 7.61(6.122, 9.474)*** 1.70(1.235, 2.333)**
Private/NGO HIs 48(60.0%) 32(40.0%) 3.63(2.274, 5.803)*** 0.97(0.483,1.949)
Number of births in last 5 years 1–2 832(51.3%) 790(48.7%) 1.76(1.262, 2.475)**  
\(\ge\) 3 59(37.3%) 99(62.7%) 1  
Number of births in last 3 years no births 198(50.3%) 196(49.7%) 1.32(0.963, 1.831)  
1 birth 588(51.4%) 555(48.6%) 1.39(1.053, 1.841)*  
2–3 births 105(43.2%) 138(56.8%) 1  
Number of living children no children 8(36.4%) 14(63.6%) 1  
1–2 405(59.5%) 276(40.5%) 2.56(1.063, 6.204)*  
3–4 238(48.2%) 256(51.8%) 1.62(.671, 3.948)  
\(\ge\) 5 240(41.2%) 343(58.8%) 1.22(.506, 2.964)  
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001