Skip to main content

Table 1 Candidate predictor datasets, Somalia

From: Can we predict the burden of acute malnutrition in crisis-affected countries? Findings from Somalia and South Sudan

Predictor Variable(s) Domain Time span of availability Source(s) Notes and assumptions
Administrative level Administrative entity within Somalia (various) n/a (static variable) n/a Somaliland, Puntland, south-central Somalia
Rainfall Total rainfall (mm) Climate 2013 to 2018 Climate Engine (https://clim-engine-development.appspot.com/fewsNet) [15]  
Mean of Standard Precipitation Index 2016 to 2018 Compares current rainfall with historical averages
Vegetation density Normalised Difference Vegetation Index Climate 2013 to 2018 Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit—Somalia (FSNAU)  
Incidence of armed conflict events events per 100,000 population
deaths per 100,000 population
Exposure to armed conflict / insecurity 2010 to 2018 Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED, https://www.acleddata.com/) [16] Meta-data on individual armed conflict events based on extensive review of multi-language media sources and other public information
Incidence of attacks against aid workers deaths per 100,000 population
injuries per 100,000 population
Exposure to armed conflict / insecurity 2010 to 2018 Aid Worker Security Database (AWSD, https://aidworkersecurity.org/incidents) Data on various types of attacks to aid workers, capturing information from media sources, aid organisations and security actors
Proportion of IDPs proportion of IDPs among total district population Forced displacement 2016 to 2018 Estimated by authors as part of a separate mortality study [10]  
Main local livelihood type Pastoral, agropastoral, riverine and urban Food security and livelihoods n/a (static variable) FSNAU Assumed to be constant over time
Water price Price of 200L drum of water in Somali Shillings Food insecurity and livelihoods 2013 to 2018 FSNAU  
Terms of trade purchasing power index Kcal equivalent of local cereals that an average local-quality goat can be exchanged for Food insecurity and livelihoods 2013 to 2018 Calculated by the authors [10] as part of a separate mortality study based on FSNAU price data from 100 sentinel markets See Annex of citation for more details on calculation.
Kcal equivalent of local cereals that can be purchased with an average daily labourer wage
Incidence of admission to nutritional therapeutic services cases of SAM admitted to treatment services per 100,000 population Nutritional status 2011 to 2018 Nutrition Cluster, Somalia Unpublished data
cases of GAM admitted to treatment services per 100,000 population 2013 to 2018
Cholera incidence cases per 100,000 population Disease burden (epidemic) 2013 to 2018 FSNAU Suspected and confirmed cases
Measles incidence cases per 100,000 population Disease burden (epidemic) 2013 to 2018 FSNAU Suspected and confirmed cases
Malaria incidence cases per 100,000 population Disease burden (endemic) 2013 to 2018 FSNAU Suspected and confirmed cases
Humanitarian actor presence Ongoing humanitarian projects per 100,000 population (all sectors) Humanitarian (public health) service functionality 2010 to 2018 United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Proxy of intensity of humanitarian response
Unpublished data
Ongoing projects per 100,000 population (health, nutrition and water, hygiene and sanitation)
Food security humanitarian services Proportion of the population that are a beneficiary of any food security service Humanitarian (public health) service coverage Jan 2013 to Apr 2018 Food Security Cluster, Somalia Unpublished data
Proportion of the population that are a beneficiary of cash-based food security services Humanitarian (public health) service coverage
Proportion of the population that are a beneficiary of food distributions Humanitarian (public health) service coverage
Quality of SAM treatment Proportion of SAM admissions that exit the treatment programme cured Humanitarian (public health) service quality 2011 to 2018 Nutrition Cluster, Somalia Unpublished data