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Clinical nutrition

This section considers studies on all aspects of nutrition in medical care, including nutrition and disease, immune function, parenteral nutrition, malnutrition in intensive care, nutritional screening and feeding protocols

  1. Content type: Research article

    Stress hyperglycaemia is a transient increase in blood glucose level during stressful events and is common in critically ill children. Several studies have demonstrated increased risk of mortality in these chi...

    Authors: Anita Tumwebaze, Elizabeth Kiboneka, Jamir Mugalu, Edward M. Kikabi and James K. Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:49

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  2. Content type: Research article

    A limited number of studies have examined the effect of dairy on satiety and short-term energy intake among children; furthermore we are not aware of any study comparing high and low-fat dairy products regardi...

    Authors: Shima Kavezade, Hassan Mozaffari-Khosravi, Majid Aflatoonian, Mehdi Asemi, Sanaz Mehrabani and Amin Salehi-Abargouei

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:44

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional risk and undernutrition are common problems among medical and surgical patients. In hospital, malnutrition is frequently under-diagnosed and untreated thereby contributing to morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Nixon Miyoba, Joseph Musowoya, Emily Mwanza, Angel Malama, Nyati Murambiwa, Irene Ogada, Macriveness Njobvu and Doris Liswaniso

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:40

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Sub-optimal dietary intake among in-patients including those with orthopaedic injuries is one of the factors that contributes to malnutrition and poor clinical outcomes in hospitals. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Nixon Miyoba, Irene Ogada and Jonathan Mulenga

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:37

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic genetic blood disorder common among people of African descent, which places nutritional burden among affected individuals. The aim of the study was to determine the dieta...

    Authors: Isaac Boadu, Agartha Ohemeng and Lorna Awo Renner

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:33

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In developing countries most of the edible salts have insufficient iodine content; the problem is worse in Africa. Only 15.4% of the Ethiopian population was using adequately iodized salt. Several factors affe...

    Authors: Zelalem Alamrew Anteneh, Melese Engidayehu and Gedefaw Abeje

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:83

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Long term care (LTC) menus need to contain sufficient nutrients for health and pureed menus may have lower nutritional quality than regular texture menus due to processes (e.g., recipe alterations) required to...

    Authors: Vanessa Vucea, Heather H. Keller, Jill M. Morrison, Alison M. Duncan, Lisa M. Duizer, Natalie Carrier, Christina O. Lengyel and Susan E. Slaughter

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:80

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition is a universal problem in cancer patients renowned as an important factor for increased morbidity, decreased quality of life and high mortality. Early diagnosis of malnutrition risk through nutrit...

    Authors: Yvonne Opanga, Lydia Kaduka, Zipporah Bukania, Richard Mutisya, Ann Korir, Veronica Thuita, Moses Mwangi, Erastus Muniu and Charles Mbakaya

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:63

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Lysine is one of the essential amino acids and in cereal based diets it is known to be the most limiting and therefore determines the quality of dietary protein in such diets. This study investigated the effec...

    Authors: Frederick Vuvor, Husein Mohammed, Thomas Ndanu and Obed Harrison

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:67

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The macronutrient composition of the diet may play a more important role in maintaining a healthy body weight and preventing obesity than previously thought. The primary goal of this research was to determine ...

    Authors: Shanon L. Casperson, Clint Hall and James N. Roemmich

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:49

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition is common in hospitalized patients and is associated with increased mortality, length of stay, and risk of re-admission. The consensus based Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC) was...

    Authors: Renata Valaitis, Celia Laur, Heather Keller, Donna Butterworth and Brenda Hotson

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:60

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Intake of high excess free fructose (EFF) beverages, including high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), sweetened soft drinks, fruit drinks, and apple juice, may be associated with childhood asthma, adult idiopathic c...

    Authors: Luanne Robalo DeChristopher, Jaime Uribarri and Katherine L. Tucker

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:51

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and dietary glycemic load (GL) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) in youth populations remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association among diet...

    Authors: Itandehui Castro-Quezada, Salomón Angulo-Estrada, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, María Dolores Ruiz-López, Reyes Artacho, Lluís Serra-Majem and Teresa Shamah-Levy

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:44

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age with an estimated prevalence of 5–20% of premenopausal women. The clinical symptoms common to PCOS include menstrual dysfu...

    Authors: Laura E. McBreairty, Philip D. Chilibeck, Donna R. Chizen, Roger A. Pierson, Lindsay Tumback, Lauren B. Sherar and Gordon A. Zello

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:23

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Dietary intake is a known determinant of body mass index (BMI) among different populations and is therefore a useful component for BMI control. To our knowledge, no study has investigated the usual dietary int...

    Authors: Nicholas Matovu, Flavia K. Matovu, Wenceslaus Sseguya and Florence Tushemerirwe

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:21

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Nutrition care in hospitals is often haphazard, and malnourished patients are not always readily identified and do not receive the care they require. The Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC) is ...

    Authors: Heather Keller, Celia Laur, Renata Valaitis, Jack Bell, Tara McNicholl, Sumantra Ray, Joseph Murphy and Stephanie Barnes

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:13

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and chronic energy deficiency are bidirectional and multifaceted. HIV can cause or worsen chronic energy deficiency by increasing energy requirements, reducing food...

    Authors: Melkitu Fentie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Adino Tesfahun, Kassahun Alemu, Malede Mequanent and Tadesse Awoke Ayele

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:11

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The development of several disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and osteoporosis, has been linked to suboptimal dietary magnesium (Mg) intake. In this context, a number of studies have tried to...

    Authors: Dominik Kappeler, Irene Heimbeck, Christiane Herpich, Natalie Naue, Josef Höfler, Wolfgang Timmer and Bernhard Michalke

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:7

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Poor hospital outcomes among adult patients admitted to hospitals have been attributed to inadequate nutrient intake and progressive disease conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the adequacy ...

    Authors: Murambiwa Nyati, Irene Ogada and Christopher Nyirenda

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:64

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition remains highly prevalent in African children, highlighting the need for accurately assessing dietary intake. In order to do so, the assessment method must be validated in the target population. ...

    Authors: Helen Nightingale, Kevin J. Walsh, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Charles Engoru, Tonny Ssenyondo, Julius Nteziyaremye, Denis Amorut, Margaret Nakuya, Margaret Arimi, Gary Frost and Kathryn Maitland

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:56

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Recently, two web-based dietary assessment tools were developed; a 4-day food record tool (the Riksmaten method), and a food frequency questionnaire (MiniMeal-Q). The aim of this study was to use objective bio...

    Authors: Sanna Nybacka, Anna Karin Lindroos, Elisabet Wirfält, Per Leanderson, Rikard Landberg, Ulrika Ericson, Ingrid Larsson, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Göran Bergström, Bo Hedblad, Marju Orho-Melander, Olle Melander, Anna Winkvist and Heléne Bertéus Forslund

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:53

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This study is an investigation as to whether salivary amylase secretory rates are correlated with the magnitude of postprandial glycaemic responses to starch ingestion in healthy young Malaysian adults.

    Authors: Peter Michael Barling, Sangeetha Shyam, Mayure Devi Selvathevan and Snigdha Misra

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:50

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) binds vitamin D and its plasma metabolites, including 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), in the circulation. Only a small fraction circulates free (free 25(OH)D). Genetic variation ...

    Authors: Elisa Saarnio, Minna Pekkinen, Suvi T Itkonen, Virpi Kemi, Heini Karp, Merja Kärkkäinen, Outi Mäkitie and Christel Lamberg-Allardt

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:46

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Sub-optimal feeding practices are associated with malnutrition. In 1933, Dr Cecily Williams, while working at Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital (PML) in Accra described Kwashiorkor as the disease of ch...

    Authors: Edem M. A. Tette, Eric K. Sifah, Priscilla Tete-Donkor, Peter Nuro-Ameyaw and Edmund T. Nartey

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:42

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Globally, about 1.5 million pregnancies are among women living with the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). In 2013, an estimated overall HIV prevalence of 0.34 % was reported in antenatal women in Kenya, wit...

    Authors: Purity Chepkorir Lang’at, Irene Awuor Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Godfrey Odinga and Michael M. Mwachiro

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:43

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) can be increased by single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 9p21 region of the genome. However, observational studies have shown that the deleterious effect of 9p21 S...

    Authors: Michael A. Zulyniak, Russell J. de Souza, Andrew Mente, Sujane Kandasamy, Monisha Nundy, Dipika Desai, Kripa Raman, Ranya Hasso, Guillaume Pare, Joseph Beyene and Sonia S. Anand

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:34

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Protein energy wasting (PEW) is common in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) and closely associated with poor outcomes. Insulin resistance and associated alterations in amino acid metabolism ar...

    Authors: Gerald B. Denny, Serpil M. Deger, Guanhua Chen, Aihua Bian, Feng Sha, Cindy Booker, Jaclyn T. Kesler, Sthuthi David, Charles D. Ellis and T. Alp Ikizler

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:31

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Free fatty acids have been reported to impair insulin action; Dietary fat composition has been implicated in the development of insulin resistance as well as fasting glycaemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thi...

    Authors: Robert A. Ngala, Isaac Ampong, Samuel Asamoah Sakyi and Enoch Odame Anto

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:28

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Rice protein is proved to have hypocholesterolemic and anti-atherosclerotic effects, and a few experimental studies showed its renoprotective effects, using animal diabetic models. However, no clinical studies...

    Authors: Michihiro Hosojima, Ryohei Kaseda, Hazuki Kondo, Mikio Fujii, Masatoshi Kubota, Reiko Watanabe, Naohito Tanabe, Motoni Kadowaki, Yoshiki Suzuki and Akihiko Saito

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:25

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Severe malnutrition contributes to more than 60 % of deaths in children in developing countries. The minimum international standard set for management of severe acute malnutrition is a cure rate of at least 75...

    Authors: Richard Nyeko, Valeria Calbi, Boniface Otto Ssegujja and Grace Flona Ayot

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:19

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is often treated with medications but many parents seek alternative treatment for fear of adverse effects. Increased oxidative stress has been observed in children...

    Authors: May Loong Tan, Siew Cheng Foong, Wai Cheng Foong, Yusni Yusuff and Saralla M. Chettiar

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:14

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  32. Content type: Research article

    No study has investigated the relationship between dietary patterns and the risk of oral, pharyngeal and laryngeal cancer in the Middle East and North Africa region. Thus, the present study aimed to investigat...

    Authors: Easter Joury, Farah Naja, Amira Nour, Leila Itani, Bayan Rafii, Kamal Nakhleh and Ahmad Manadili

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:8

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of undernutrition among adult tuberculosis patients is high in developing countries. However it has not been well explored in Ethiopian situation. Therefore the aim of this study was to determin...

    Authors: Berihun Dargie, Gezahegn Tesfaye and Amare Worku

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:7

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health problem. All health care professionals need to be knowledgeable and competent in nutrition as it applies to health promotion, prevention and treatment of ...

    Authors: Adeline E. Munuo, Beatrice W. Mugendi, Onesmo A. Kisanga and George O. Otieno

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:6

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition is highly prevalent among hospital admissions and associated with, poor response to medical treatment, prolonged hospital stay, increased mortality and cost to the state. The aim of this study is ...

    Authors: Ranil Jayawardena, Niroshan C. Lokunarangoda, Ishara Ranathunga, W. S. Santharaj, Amila O. Walawwatta and Anidu K. Pathirana

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:5

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  36. Content type: Research article

    In 2013, the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment (SBU) published a report “Dietary treatment of obesity” where low carbohydrate diet (LCD) was established as one of the evidence based diet options ...

    Authors: Gabriella Barabas, Anders Tengblad and Carl Johan Östgren

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2016 2:4

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Medical nutrition therapy is the cornerstone of managing type 2 diabetes mellitus. Meals that are modified to suit diabetes should be culturally acceptable, retain palatability and conform to the energy requir...

    Authors: Arjuna Medagama and Heshan Widanapathirana

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2015 1:8

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Hypertension is associated with increased risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, premature mortality, and disability. This rising prevalence of hypertension has been linked to insufficient dietary magn...

    Authors: Gerardo G Huitrón-Bravo, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, José de Jesús Garduño-García, Juan O Talavera, Benjamín Herreros and Jorge Salmerón

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2015 1:6

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Population-based studies have shown an association between health, food composition, and diets; therefore, data on the composition of traditional foods for meal planning, nutritional assessment, and clinical n...

    Authors: Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, Asila K Al Ma’awali, Louis C Laleye, Sidiga A Washi, Amjad H Jarrar, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Maysm N Mohamad and Emad M Masuadi

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2015 1:4

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  40. Content type: Research article

    The regular intake of probiotics is alleged to help prevent or shorten the duration of common colds and gastrointestinal diseases. Previous clinical trials have shown protective effects in young children, whil...

    Authors: Carsten Schröder, Stefanie Schmidt, Edeltraut Garbe, Joachim Röhmel and Klaus Giersiepen

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2015 1:3

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