Clinical nutrition

This section considers studies on all aspects of nutrition in medical care, including nutrition and disease, immune function, parenteral nutrition, malnutrition in intensive care, nutritional screening and feeding protocols

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  1. Research article

    Nutritional status of cancer outpatients using scored patient generated subjective global assessment in two cancer treatment centers, Nairobi, Kenya

    Malnutrition is a universal problem in cancer patients renowned as an important factor for increased morbidity, decreased quality of life and high mortality. Early diagnosis of malnutrition risk through nutrit...

    Yvonne Opanga, Lydia Kaduka, Zipporah Bukania, Richard Mutisya, Ann Korir, Veronica Thuita, Moses Mwangi, Erastus Muniu and Charles Mbakaya

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:63

    Published on: 10 August 2017

  2. Research article

    Postprandial energy metabolism and substrate oxidation in response to the inclusion of a sugar- or non-nutritive sweetened beverage with meals differing in protein content

    The macronutrient composition of the diet may play a more important role in maintaining a healthy body weight and preventing obesity than previously thought. The primary goal of this research was to determine ...

    Shanon L. Casperson, Clint Hall and James N. Roemmich

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:49

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  3. Research article

    Need for the Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC): gaps in current nutrition care in five Canadian hospitals

    Malnutrition is common in hospitalized patients and is associated with increased mortality, length of stay, and risk of re-admission. The consensus based Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC) was...

    Renata Valaitis, Celia Laur, Heather Keller, Donna Butterworth and Brenda Hotson

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:60

    Published on: 14 July 2017

  4. Research article

    Intake of high fructose corn syrup sweetened soft drinks, fruit drinks and apple juice is associated with prevalent coronary heart disease, in U.S. adults, ages 45–59 y

    Intake of high excess free fructose (EFF) beverages, including high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), sweetened soft drinks, fruit drinks, and apple juice, may be associated with childhood asthma, adult idiopathic c...

    Luanne Robalo DeChristopher, Jaime Uribarri and Katherine L. Tucker

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:51

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Glycemic index, glycemic load, and metabolic syndrome in Mexican adolescents: a cross-sectional study from the NHNS-2012

    The role of dietary glycemic index (GI) and dietary glycemic load (GL) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) in youth populations remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association among diet...

    Itandehui Castro-Quezada, Salomón Angulo-Estrada, Almudena Sánchez-Villegas, María Dolores Ruiz-López, Reyes Artacho, Lluís Serra-Majem and Teresa Shamah-Levy

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:44

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  6. Study protocol

    The role of a pulse-based diet on infertility measures and metabolic syndrome risk: protocol of a randomized clinical trial in women with polycystic ovary syndrome

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age with an estimated prevalence of 5–20% of premenopausal women. The clinical symptoms common to PCOS include menstrual dysfu...

    Laura E. McBreairty, Philip D. Chilibeck, Donna R. Chizen, Roger A. Pierson, Lindsay Tumback, Lauren B. Sherar and Gordon A. Zello

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:23

    Published on: 7 March 2017

  7. Study protocol

    More-2-Eat: evaluation protocol of a multi-site implementation of the Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care

    Nutrition care in hospitals is often haphazard, and malnourished patients are not always readily identified and do not receive the care they require. The Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC) is ...

    Heather Keller, Celia Laur, Renata Valaitis, Jack Bell, Tara McNicholl, Sumantra Ray, Joseph Murphy and Stephanie Barnes

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:13

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  8. Research article

    Chronic energy deficiency and associated factors among adults living with HIV in Gondar University Referral Hospital northwest Ethiopia

    Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and chronic energy deficiency are bidirectional and multifaceted. HIV can cause or worsen chronic energy deficiency by increasing energy requirements, reducing food...

    Melkitu Fentie, Molla Mesele Wassie, Adino Tesfahun, Kassahun Alemu, Malede Mequanent and Tadesse Awoke Ayele

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:11

    Published on: 1 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Higher bioavailability of magnesium citrate as compared to magnesium oxide shown by evaluation of urinary excretion and serum levels after single-dose administration in a randomized cross-over study

    The development of several disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and osteoporosis, has been linked to suboptimal dietary magnesium (Mg) intake. In this context, a number of studies have tried to...

    Dominik Kappeler, Irene Heimbeck, Christiane Herpich, Natalie Naue, Josef Höfler, Wolfgang Timmer and Bernhard Michalke

    BMC Nutrition 2017 3:7

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Adequacy of energy, zinc and selenium intakes among adult inpatients receiving total naso-gastric tube feeding admitted to a Copperbelt province Referral Hospital, in Ndola District, Zambia

    Poor hospital outcomes among adult patients admitted to hospitals have been attributed to inadequate nutrient intake and progressive disease conditions. The purpose of this study was to determine the adequacy ...

    Murambiwa Nyati, Irene Ogada and Christopher Nyirenda

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:64

    Published on: 26 October 2016

  11. Research article

    Validation of triple pass 24-hour dietary recall in Ugandan children by simultaneous weighed food assessment

    Undernutrition remains highly prevalent in African children, highlighting the need for accurately assessing dietary intake. In order to do so, the assessment method must be validated in the target population. ...

    Helen Nightingale, Kevin J. Walsh, Peter Olupot-Olupot, Charles Engoru, Tonny Ssenyondo, Julius Nteziyaremye, Denis Amorut, Margaret Nakuya, Margaret Arimi, Gary Frost and Kathryn Maitland

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:56

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  12. Research article

    Carotenoids and alkylresorcinols as objective biomarkers of diet quality when assessing the validity of a web-based food record tool and a food frequency questionnaire in a middle-aged population

    Recently, two web-based dietary assessment tools were developed; a 4-day food record tool (the Riksmaten method), and a food frequency questionnaire (MiniMeal-Q). The aim of this study was to use objective bio...

    Sanna Nybacka, Anna Karin Lindroos, Elisabet Wirfält, Per Leanderson, Rikard Landberg, Ulrika Ericson, Ingrid Larsson, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Göran Bergström, Bo Hedblad, Marju Orho-Melander, Olle Melander, Anna Winkvist and Heléne Bertéus Forslund

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:53

    Published on: 20 August 2016

  13. Research article

    Serum parathyroid hormone is related to genetic variation in vitamin D binding protein with respect to total, free, and bioavailable 25-hydroxyvitamin D in middle-aged Caucasians – a cross-sectional study

    Vitamin D binding protein (DBP) binds vitamin D and its plasma metabolites, including 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), in the circulation. Only a small fraction circulates free (free 25(OH)D). Genetic variation ...

    Elisa Saarnio, Minna Pekkinen, Suvi T Itkonen, Virpi Kemi, Heini Karp, Merja Kärkkäinen, Outi Mäkitie and Christel Lamberg-Allardt

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:46

    Published on: 22 July 2016

  14. Research article

    Do the feeding practices and nutrition status among HIV-exposed infants less than 6 months of age follow the recommended guidelines in Bomet County, Kenya?

    Globally, about 1.5 million pregnancies are among women living with the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). In 2013, an estimated overall HIV prevalence of 0.34 % was reported in antenatal women in Kenya, wit...

    Purity Chepkorir Lang’at, Irene Awuor Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Godfrey Odinga and Michael M. Mwachiro

    BMC Nutrition 2016 2:43

    Published on: 13 July 2016

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