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Nutritional interventions, policies and public health

Section edited by Wei Bao

This section considers studies on all public health aspects of nutrition such as nutritional epidemiology, global interventions, malnutrition/socioeconomic disparities, food security, governmental policies on nutrition, and commercial issues such as food advertising and labeling.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Adequate iodine fortified salt is the most common and effective method of preventing iodine deficiency. Studies showed households using iodized salt (15 Parts Per Million (PPM) to 80 PPM) of iodine at househol...

    Authors: Abraham Aregay Desta, Usha Kulkarni, Kidan Abraha, Solomon Worku and Berhe Woldearegay Sahle

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:28

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Developing countries, undernutrition remains significant public health attention, as it was a combined consequence of poor dietary consumption and recurrent infectious illness especially in countries same Ethi...

    Authors: Abrehet Zeray, Getiye Dejenu Kibret and Cheru Tesema Leshargie

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:27

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Social inequalities in nutrition lead a high number of families to struggle with food insecurity, even in developed countries. We aimed to assess the impact of fruits and vegetables vouchers on food security a...

    Authors: Camille Buscail, Judith Gendreau, Paul Daval, Pierre Lombrail, Serge Hercberg, Paule Latino-Martel and Chantal Julia

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:26

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Poor quality of food services in hospital contributes to low diet satisfaction among inpatients in both developed and developing countries. However, there is paucity of literature on diet satisfaction in healt...

    Authors: Nixon Miyoba and Irene Ogada

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:25

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Despite the decline in the rate of stunting in Ethiopia, the prevalence is still high and needs immense efforts to achieve the target set to reduce the prevalence. It varies between localities due to individua...

    Authors: Samson Kastro Dake, Fithamlak Bisetegen Solomon, Tesfahun Molla Bobe, Habtamu Azene Tekle and Efrata Girma Tufa

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:23

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy was adopted in Burundi in 2003. Our aim was to evaluate to what extent the malnutrition component of the IMCI guidelines is implemented at health ...

    Authors: Manassé Nimpagaritse, Catherine Korachais, Georges Nsengiyumva, Jean Macq and Bruno Meessen

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:22

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The rate of stunting in Nepal is among the highest in the world, which is a major public health problem. The objective of this study was to present data on stunting prevalence according to socio-demographic an...

    Authors: Sajama Nepali, Padam Simkhada and Ian Davies

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:19

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Cooking interventions have the potential to improve child diet quality because cooking involvement is associated with positive changes in dietary behavior. Valid and reliable instruments that are low-cost and ...

    Authors: Melissa Pflugh Prescott, Barbara Lohse, Diane C. Mitchell and Leslie Cunningham-Sabo

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:21

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  9. Content type: Research article

    A complex and negatively reinforcing relationship exists between infection with Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) and malnutrition. HIV-induced immune impairment and its resulting opportunistic infections (O...

    Authors: Ayenew Negessie, Dube Jara, Mekaunint Taddele and Sahai Burrowes

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:20

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The intergenerational continuity of undernutrition is influenced by shared genetic, household socio-economic and cultural resources which will be associated with the mother and the child nutritional status, po...

    Authors: Alinoor Mohamed Farah, Bilal Shikur Endris and Seifu Hagos Gebreyesus

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:17

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Under-nutrition is the cause for poor physical and mental development and has more burden among infants and young children aged between 6 and 23 months. Cultural practices like not providing animal source food...

    Authors: Efram Mulat, Girma Alem, Wubetu Woyraw and Habtamu Temesgen

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:18

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To design effective nutrition education interventions for college students, research is needed to determine the factors influencing food choices. The purpose of this study was to identify perceived barriers an...

    Authors: Lucia Amore, Opal Vanessa Buchthal and Jinan C. Banna

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:16

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Although the importance of capacity building for public health nutrition (PHN) has been increasing globally, reports on the current status of training programs for PHN in East-Asia including Japan are limited....

    Authors: Nana Shinozaki, Han-Chieh Wang, Xiaoyi Yuan, Tianyu Li, Kana Asano, Satomi Kobayashi and Satoshi Sasaki

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:10

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Several national reports have indicated poor nutritional status among children from Western Uganda where millet porridge is a predominant complementary food. However, little is known about the nutritional stat...

    Authors: Barugahara Evyline Isingoma, Samuel Kuria Mbugua and Edward Gichohi Karuri

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:11

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Initiation of complementary feeding is often delayed in Bangladesh and likely contributes to the high burden of infant undernutrition in the country.

    Authors: Aatekah Owais, Parminder S. Suchdev, Benjamin Schwartz, David G. Kleinbaum, A. S. G. Faruque, Sumon K. Das and Aryeh D. Stein

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:7

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Unhealthy diet is a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. Reformulation of processed foods has the potential to improve population diet, but evidence of its impact is limited. The purpose of this review was...

    Authors: Carlo Federici, Patrick Detzel, Francesco Petracca, Livia Dainelli and Giovanni Fattore

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2019 5:2

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nutrition 2019 5:9

  17. Content type: Research article

    Inappropriate complementary feeding practices are a major contributor to poor nutritional status of children under 2 years old in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Ministry of Health recommends that continued breast fee...

    Authors: Shikur Mohammed, Tewodros Getinet, Samrawit Solomon and Andrew D. Jones

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:54

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Iodine deficiency is one of a major nutritional problem. The study aimed to assess the iodine status of populations in Dabat district using median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in school-age children (6–1...

    Authors: Molla Mesele Wassie, Zegeye Abebe, Amare Tariku, Ejigu Gebeye, Tadese Awoke, Azeb Atenafu Gete, Melkie Edris Yesuf, Yigzaw Kebede, Gashaw Andargie Biks and Shao Jia Zhou

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:52

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Stunting continues to be a major public health problem globally. Stunting is a manifestation of many factors including inadequate food intake and poor health conditions. However, poor quality nutritional diets...

    Authors: Bubile Mzumara, Phoebe Bwembya, Hikabasa Halwiindi, Raider Mugode and Jeremiah Banda

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:51

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To report the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and its association with adipokines and cardiometabolic risk factors in Haitian Americans (HA) and African Americans (AA) by ethnicity and type ...

    Authors: Janet Antwi, Fatma Huffman and Stacey Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:50

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori is the major cause of chronic gastritis, and considered as a risk factor for peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. The H. pylori standard antibiotic therapy fails in about 25–30% of cases, particul...

    Authors: Martin Buckley, Sean Lacey, Andrea Doolan, Emily Goodbody and Kelly Seamans

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:48

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Zinc is an essential nutrient that is required for children’s normal growth and resistance to infections, including diarrhea and pneumonia, two major causes of child mortality. Daily or weekly preventive zinc ...

    Authors: K. Ryan Wessells, Kenneth H. Brown, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Maxwell A. Barffour, Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Somphou Sayasone, Charles B. Stephensen, Kethmany Ratsavong, Charles P. Larson, Charles D. Arnold, Kimberly B. Harding, Gregory A. Reinhart, Ganjana Lertmemongkolchai, Supan Fucharoen, Robin M. Bernstein and Sonja Y. Hess

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:39

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  23. Content type: Research article

    SHOKUIKU”, food and nutrition education, is a national promotion to enable people to acquire an adequate knowledge of SHOKU (which include food, nutrition, dietary habits, etc.) in Japanese society and to allo.....

    Authors: Tomoko Ishikawa, Yoko Sato, Kyoko Kurimoto, Yasuko Sone, Rie Akamatsu and Yoko Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:38

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported an association between dietary sodium intake and overweight/central obesity. However, dietary survey methods were prone to underestimate sodium intake. Therefore, this study inve...

    Authors: Juyeon Lee, Yunji Hwang, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Choonghyun Ahn, Ho Kyung Sung, Kwang-Pil Ko, Kook-Hwan Oh, Curie Ahn, Young Joo Park, Suhnggwon Kim, Young-Khi Lim and Sue K. Park

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:47

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional support is identified as one of the most critical and immediate needs for people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). Adequate nutrition is vital ...

    Authors: Getnet Mekuria Mengie, Tsegahun Worku and Amanuel Nana

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:46

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Nutrition is a modifiable factor affecting foetal growth and pregnancy outcomes. Inadequate nutrition is of particular concern in adolescent pregnancies with poor quality diet and competing demands for nutrien...

    Authors: Rachel Rundle, Hora Soltani and Alexandra Duxbury

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:45

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Educational interventions designed to promote healthy eating are essential in primary health care. Nevertheless, given the nutrition controversies about what is healthy, the contradictions created by the media...

    Authors: Alexandra Pava-Cárdenas, Kellem Regina Rosendo Vincha, Viviane Laudelino Vieira and Ana Maria Cervato-Mancuso

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:34

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of low vitamin D status and metabolic syndrome is increasing globally and in Lebanon. The objectives of this study are to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components (e...

    Authors: Rachelle Ghadieh, Jocelyne Mattar Bou Mosleh, Sibelle Al Hayek, Samar Merhi and Jessy El Hayek Fares

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:36

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Community-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has proven to be safe and cost-effective, although identifying additional factors that can increase recovery and decrease treatment failure may impr...

    Authors: Isabel Madzorera, Christopher Duggan, Fatou Berthé, Rebecca F. Grais and Sheila Isanaka

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:35

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  30. Content type: Study protocol

    Nutrition-sensitive interventions such as homestead production of diverse, nutrient-rich foods, coupled with behavior change communication, may have positive effects on the nutritional status and health of rur...

    Authors: Dominic Mosha, Chelsey R. Canavan, Alexandra L. Bellows, Mia M. Blakstad, Ramadhani Abdallah Noor, Honorati Masanja, Joyce Kinabo and Wafaie Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:29

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Adequate zinc intake is essential for the growth and neurobehavioral development of young children. Zinc deficiency in children is recognized as risk factor for stunting. In Ethiopia, 38% of children under fiv...

    Authors: Girmay Ayana, Tibebu Moges, Aregash Samuel, Tsehai Asefa, Solomon Eshetu and Aweke Kebede

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:30

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  32. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of low vitamin D status is increasing globally, and Lebanon is not spared. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence and correlates of low vitamin D status, and to assess the ...

    Authors: Sibelle Al Hayek, Jocelyne Matar Bou Mosleh, Rachelle Ghadieh and Jessy El Hayek Fares

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:31

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of under nutrition is very high in developing countries especially in women and under five children. Stunting alone affected an estimated 154.8 million (22.9%) under five children globally in 20...

    Authors: Getnet Berhanu, Solomon Mekonnen and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:28

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional anaemia and vitamin-A deficiency are public health issues confronting Ghanaian children. Their adverse effects are likely pronounced during the dry season when green leafy vegetables, rich-sources ...

    Authors: Godfred Egbi, Samuel Gbogbo, George Ekow Mensah, Mary Glover-Amengor and Matilda Steiner-Asiedu

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:27

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a Mediterranean-type diet as one of three healthful eating patterns. However, only one previous trial has evaluated the effects of a Mediterranean diet ...

    Authors: Lindsay M. Jaacks, Salman Sher, Christine De Staercke, Markus Porkert, Wayne R. Alexander, Dean P. Jones, Viola Vaccarino, Thomas R. Ziegler and Arshed A. Quyyumi

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:26

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Despite frequent use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) to assess populations at risk of nutrition emergencies, as well as evidence that measurement of children based on MUAC identifies different children t...

    Authors: Oleg Bilukha and Eva Leidman

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:24

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Conclusions regarding bite count rates and body mass index (BMI) in free-living populations have primarily relied on self-report. The objective of this exploratory study was to compare the relationship between...

    Authors: Jimmy Alex, Dusty Turner, Diana M. Thomas, Andrew McDougall, Mirna W. Halawani, Steven B. Heymsfield, Corby K. Martin, Jenna L. Scisco, James Salley, Eric Muth and Adam W. Hoover

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:23

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Understanding dietary patterns in the study of diet-disease relationships is crucial for designing dietary behaviour interventions. This study aimed to determine associations between dietary patterns and backg...

    Authors: Deda Ogum Alangea, Richmond N. Aryeetey, Heewon L. Gray, Amos K. Laar and Richard M. K. Adanu

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:22

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Dietary fat is an essential macronutrient. However, saturated fact has been associated with negative health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. Shifting consumption from saturated fat to unsaturated fat...

    Authors: Fiona Riordan, Roisin McGann, Ciara Kingston, Ivan J. Perry, Matthias B. Schulze, Lene Frost Andersen, Anouk Geelen, Pieter van’t Veer, Simone J. P. M. Eussen, Martien C. J. M. Van Dongen, Nicole E. G. Wijckmans-Duysens and Janas M. Harrington

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:21

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Evidence from physical activity interventions suggests that women, in particular, may overcompensate for exercise energy expenditure by increasing caloric intake. Sedentary behavior and poor dietary quality ar...

    Authors: Kelsey Casey, Emily L. Mailey, Richard R. Rosenkranz, Aaron Swank, Elizabeth Ablah and Sara K. Rosenkranz

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:16

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Eating can be a significant challenge for cancer survivors; however, to date there is no systematic way of assessing and addressing food related quality of life in this group. The purpose of our study was to d...

    Authors: D. L. Burges Watson, S. Lewis, V. Bryant, J. Patterson, C. Kelly, R. Edwards-Stuart, M. J. Murtagh and V. Deary

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:14

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  42. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the relationship between eating frequency and specific adiposity markers in a potentially high-risk and understudied population of Hispanic college freshmen.

    Authors: Benjamin T. House, Grace E. Shearrer, Jessica B. Boisseau, Molly S. Bray and Jaimie N. Davis

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:10

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Maternal malnutrition, which has been a problem in Madagascar for several years, has been rising despite interventions to improve the situation. This study aims to identify the socioeconomic determinants of ma...

    Authors: Lantonirina Ravaoarisoa, Lalhyss Randriamanantsaina, Julio Rakotonirina, Jean de Dieu Marie Rakotomanga, Philippe Donnen and Michèle Wilmet Dramaix

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:6

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Severe acute malnutrition is one of the major public health problems in developing countries having a devastating effect on the lives of many children under 5 years of age. In Ethiopia, there has been isolated...

    Authors: Abate Awoke, Mulatu Ayana and Tenaw Gualu

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:4

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Skipping breakfast, habitually and when experimentally manipulated, has been linked in the short-term to poorer academic performance in children. Little is known about the longer-term effects. This study exami...

    Authors: Kylie J. Smith, Leigh Blizzard, Sarah A. McNaughton, Seana L. Gall, Monique C. Breslin, Melissa Wake and Alison J. Venn

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:86

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  46. Content type: Study protocol

    Metabolic imbalance is a key determinant of risk of chronic diseases. Metabolic health cannot be assessed solely by body mass calculations or by static, fasted state biochemical readouts. Although previous stu...

    Authors: Lacey M. Baldiviez, Nancy L. Keim, Kevin D. Laugero, Daniel H. Hwang, Liping Huang, Leslie R. Woodhouse, Dustin J. Burnett, Melissa S. Zerofsky, Ellen L. Bonnel, Lindsay H. Allen, John W. Newman and Charles B. Stephensen

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:79

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  47. Content type: Study protocol

    Obesity rates for New Zealand (NZ) Pacific and Māori (NZ indigenous people) are among the highest in the world. Long-term results of weight management programmes for adults have been modest but primarily focus...

    Authors: Marewa Glover, Anette Kira, Geoff Kira, Hayden McRobbie, Bernhard H. Breier, Rozanne Kruger, Jane Stephen and Mafi Funaki-Tahifote

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:78

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Although the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is promising for behavioral interventions, it may be limited by an inability to understand perceptions of food consumption. The following questions and gaps presented ...

    Authors: Mariana Carvalho de Menezes, Sueli Aparecida Mingoti, Raquel de Deus Mendonça and Aline Cristine Souza Lopes

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:77

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