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Nutritional interventions, policies and public health

Section edited by Wei Bao

This section considers studies on all public health aspects of nutrition such as nutritional epidemiology, global interventions, malnutrition/socioeconomic disparities, food security, governmental policies on nutrition, and commercial issues such as food advertising and labeling.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Helicobacter pylori is the major cause of chronic gastritis, and considered as a risk factor for peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. The H. pylori standard antibiotic therapy fails in about 25–30% of cases, particul...

    Authors: Martin Buckley, Sean Lacey, Andrea Doolan, Emily Goodbody and Kelly Seamans

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:48

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Zinc is an essential nutrient that is required for children’s normal growth and resistance to infections, including diarrhea and pneumonia, two major causes of child mortality. Daily or weekly preventive zinc ...

    Authors: K. Ryan Wessells, Kenneth H. Brown, Sengchanh Kounnavong, Maxwell A. Barffour, Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Somphou Sayasone, Charles B. Stephensen, Kethmany Ratsavong, Charles P. Larson, Charles D. Arnold, Kimberly B. Harding, Gregory A. Reinhart, Ganjana Lertmemongkolchai, Supan Fucharoen, Robin M. Bernstein and Sonja Y. Hess

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:39

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  3. Content type: Research article

    SHOKUIKU”, food and nutrition education, is a national promotion to enable people to acquire an adequate knowledge of SHOKU (which include food, nutrition, dietary habits, etc.) in Japanese society and to allo.....

    Authors: Tomoko Ishikawa, Yoko Sato, Kyoko Kurimoto, Yasuko Sone, Rie Akamatsu and Yoko Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:38

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have reported an association between dietary sodium intake and overweight/central obesity. However, dietary survey methods were prone to underestimate sodium intake. Therefore, this study inve...

    Authors: Juyeon Lee, Yunji Hwang, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Choonghyun Ahn, Ho Kyung Sung, Kwang-Pil Ko, Kook-Hwan Oh, Curie Ahn, Young Joo Park, Suhnggwon Kim, Young-Khi Lim and Sue K. Park

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:47

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional support is identified as one of the most critical and immediate needs for people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). Adequate nutrition is vital ...

    Authors: Getnet Mekuria Mengie, Tsegahun Worku and Amanuel Nana

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:46

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Nutrition is a modifiable factor affecting foetal growth and pregnancy outcomes. Inadequate nutrition is of particular concern in adolescent pregnancies with poor quality diet and competing demands for nutrien...

    Authors: Rachel Rundle, Hora Soltani and Alexandra Duxbury

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:45

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Educational interventions designed to promote healthy eating are essential in primary health care. Nevertheless, given the nutrition controversies about what is healthy, the contradictions created by the media...

    Authors: Alexandra Pava-Cárdenas, Kellem Regina Rosendo Vincha, Viviane Laudelino Vieira and Ana Maria Cervato-Mancuso

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:34

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of low vitamin D status and metabolic syndrome is increasing globally and in Lebanon. The objectives of this study are to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components (e...

    Authors: Rachelle Ghadieh, Jocelyne Mattar Bou Mosleh, Sibelle Al Hayek, Samar Merhi and Jessy El Hayek Fares

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:36

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Community-based treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has proven to be safe and cost-effective, although identifying additional factors that can increase recovery and decrease treatment failure may impr...

    Authors: Isabel Madzorera, Christopher Duggan, Fatou Berthé, Rebecca F. Grais and Sheila Isanaka

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:35

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Nutrition-sensitive interventions such as homestead production of diverse, nutrient-rich foods, coupled with behavior change communication, may have positive effects on the nutritional status and health of rur...

    Authors: Dominic Mosha, Chelsey R. Canavan, Alexandra L. Bellows, Mia M. Blakstad, Ramadhani Abdallah Noor, Honorati Masanja, Joyce Kinabo and Wafaie Fawzi

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:29

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Adequate zinc intake is essential for the growth and neurobehavioral development of young children. Zinc deficiency in children is recognized as risk factor for stunting. In Ethiopia, 38% of children under fiv...

    Authors: Girmay Ayana, Tibebu Moges, Aregash Samuel, Tsehai Asefa, Solomon Eshetu and Aweke Kebede

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:30

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of low vitamin D status is increasing globally, and Lebanon is not spared. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence and correlates of low vitamin D status, and to assess the ...

    Authors: Sibelle Al Hayek, Jocelyne Matar Bou Mosleh, Rachelle Ghadieh and Jessy El Hayek Fares

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:31

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of under nutrition is very high in developing countries especially in women and under five children. Stunting alone affected an estimated 154.8 million (22.9%) under five children globally in 20...

    Authors: Getnet Berhanu, Solomon Mekonnen and Mekonnen Sisay

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:28

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Nutritional anaemia and vitamin-A deficiency are public health issues confronting Ghanaian children. Their adverse effects are likely pronounced during the dry season when green leafy vegetables, rich-sources ...

    Authors: Godfred Egbi, Samuel Gbogbo, George Ekow Mensah, Mary Glover-Amengor and Matilda Steiner-Asiedu

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:27

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend a Mediterranean-type diet as one of three healthful eating patterns. However, only one previous trial has evaluated the effects of a Mediterranean diet ...

    Authors: Lindsay M. Jaacks, Salman Sher, Christine De Staercke, Markus Porkert, Wayne R. Alexander, Dean P. Jones, Viola Vaccarino, Thomas R. Ziegler and Arshed A. Quyyumi

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:26

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Despite frequent use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) to assess populations at risk of nutrition emergencies, as well as evidence that measurement of children based on MUAC identifies different children t...

    Authors: Oleg Bilukha and Eva Leidman

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:24

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Conclusions regarding bite count rates and body mass index (BMI) in free-living populations have primarily relied on self-report. The objective of this exploratory study was to compare the relationship between...

    Authors: Jimmy Alex, Dusty Turner, Diana M. Thomas, Andrew McDougall, Mirna W. Halawani, Steven B. Heymsfield, Corby K. Martin, Jenna L. Scisco, James Salley, Eric Muth and Adam W. Hoover

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:23

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Understanding dietary patterns in the study of diet-disease relationships is crucial for designing dietary behaviour interventions. This study aimed to determine associations between dietary patterns and backg...

    Authors: Deda Ogum Alangea, Richmond N. Aryeetey, Heewon L. Gray, Amos K. Laar and Richard M. K. Adanu

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:22

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dietary fat is an essential macronutrient. However, saturated fact has been associated with negative health outcomes including cardiovascular disease. Shifting consumption from saturated fat to unsaturated fat...

    Authors: Fiona Riordan, Roisin McGann, Ciara Kingston, Ivan J. Perry, Matthias B. Schulze, Lene Frost Andersen, Anouk Geelen, Pieter van’t Veer, Simone J. P. M. Eussen, Martien C. J. M. Van Dongen, Nicole E. G. Wijckmans-Duysens and Janas M. Harrington

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:21

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Evidence from physical activity interventions suggests that women, in particular, may overcompensate for exercise energy expenditure by increasing caloric intake. Sedentary behavior and poor dietary quality ar...

    Authors: Kelsey Casey, Emily L. Mailey, Richard R. Rosenkranz, Aaron Swank, Elizabeth Ablah and Sara K. Rosenkranz

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:16

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Eating can be a significant challenge for cancer survivors; however, to date there is no systematic way of assessing and addressing food related quality of life in this group. The purpose of our study was to d...

    Authors: D. L. Burges Watson, S. Lewis, V. Bryant, J. Patterson, C. Kelly, R. Edwards-Stuart, M. J. Murtagh and V. Deary

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:14

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the relationship between eating frequency and specific adiposity markers in a potentially high-risk and understudied population of Hispanic college freshmen.

    Authors: Benjamin T. House, Grace E. Shearrer, Jessica B. Boisseau, Molly S. Bray and Jaimie N. Davis

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:10

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Maternal malnutrition, which has been a problem in Madagascar for several years, has been rising despite interventions to improve the situation. This study aims to identify the socioeconomic determinants of ma...

    Authors: Lantonirina Ravaoarisoa, Lalhyss Randriamanantsaina, Julio Rakotonirina, Jean de Dieu Marie Rakotomanga, Philippe Donnen and Michèle Wilmet Dramaix

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:6

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Severe acute malnutrition is one of the major public health problems in developing countries having a devastating effect on the lives of many children under 5 years of age. In Ethiopia, there has been isolated...

    Authors: Abate Awoke, Mulatu Ayana and Tenaw Gualu

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2018 4:4

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Skipping breakfast, habitually and when experimentally manipulated, has been linked in the short-term to poorer academic performance in children. Little is known about the longer-term effects. This study exami...

    Authors: Kylie J. Smith, Leigh Blizzard, Sarah A. McNaughton, Seana L. Gall, Monique C. Breslin, Melissa Wake and Alison J. Venn

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:86

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  26. Content type: Study protocol

    Metabolic imbalance is a key determinant of risk of chronic diseases. Metabolic health cannot be assessed solely by body mass calculations or by static, fasted state biochemical readouts. Although previous stu...

    Authors: Lacey M. Baldiviez, Nancy L. Keim, Kevin D. Laugero, Daniel H. Hwang, Liping Huang, Leslie R. Woodhouse, Dustin J. Burnett, Melissa S. Zerofsky, Ellen L. Bonnel, Lindsay H. Allen, John W. Newman and Charles B. Stephensen

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:79

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Obesity rates for New Zealand (NZ) Pacific and Māori (NZ indigenous people) are among the highest in the world. Long-term results of weight management programmes for adults have been modest but primarily focus...

    Authors: Marewa Glover, Anette Kira, Geoff Kira, Hayden McRobbie, Bernhard H. Breier, Rozanne Kruger, Jane Stephen and Mafi Funaki-Tahifote

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:78

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Although the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is promising for behavioral interventions, it may be limited by an inability to understand perceptions of food consumption. The following questions and gaps presented ...

    Authors: Mariana Carvalho de Menezes, Sueli Aparecida Mingoti, Raquel de Deus Mendonça and Aline Cristine Souza Lopes

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:77

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    As part of the second wave of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 2), food and nutrient intake of children and adolescents aged 6–17 years living in Germ...

    Authors: C. Lage Barbosa, A.-K. Brettschneider, M. Haftenberger, F. Lehmann, M. Frank, K. Heide, E. Patelakis, H. Perlitz, L. Krause, R. Houben, H.G. Butschalowsky, A. Richter, P. Kamtsiuris and G.B.M. Mensink

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:75

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  30. Content type: Research article

    In 2010, nutrition claims were investigated in Canadian foods; however, many nutrition and other claims have been introduced since then. This study aimed to determine: i) the proportion of foods carrying claim...

    Authors: Beatriz Franco-Arellano, Jodi T. Bernstein, Sheida Norsen, Alyssa Schermel and Mary R. L’Abbé

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:74

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Obesity in Canadian adults is showing upward trends. Consumption of whole-grains is one recommendation for the prevention of obesity. Despite the apparent nutritional and energy content differences between who...

    Authors: Hassan Vatanparast, Susan Whiting, Alomgir Hossain, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Anwar T. Merchant and Michael Szafron

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:59

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  32. Content type: Research article

    An objective measure of nutrition literacy is unavailable for use in the primary care population. The Nutrition Literacy Assessment instrument (NLit) is a tool designed to measure nutrition literacy across six...

    Authors: Heather D. Gibbs, Susan Harvey, Sarah Owens, Diane Boyle and Debra K. Sullivan

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:71

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Undernutrition among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) can be ameliorated if nutrition specific and sensitive interventions are integrated into their HIV care and treatment centers (CTC). Integrated care is lack...

    Authors: Bruno F. Sunguya, Nzovu K. Ulenga, Hellen Siril, Sarah Puryear, Eric Aris, Expeditho Mtisi, Edith Tarimo, David P. Urassa, Wafaie Fawzi and Ferdnand Mugusi

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:58

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In Ethiopia, poor infant and young child feeding practices and low household dietary diversity remain widespread. The Government has adopted the National Nutrition Programme that emphasizes the need for multi-...

    Authors: Girmay Ayana, Tesfaye Hailu, Desalegn Kuche, Andinet Abera, Solomon Eshetu, Alemnesh Petros, Aweke Kebede, Masresha Tessema, Cami M. Allen, Mihretab M. Salasibew and Alan D. Dangour

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:69

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Latin America is facing an increasing burden of nutrition-related non-communicable disease. Little is known about dietary patterns in Guatemalan adults and how dietary patterns are associated with cardio-metab...

    Authors: Nicole D. Ford, Lindsay M. Jaacks, Reynaldo Martorell, Neil K. Mehta, Cria G. Perrine, Manuel Ramirez-Zea and Aryeh D. Stein

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:68

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The Ethiopian regions have a relatively higher prevalence of under-nutrition are found in the lowlands of the country, with the exception of the highlands of Tigiray, where under-nutrition is also prevalent.

    Authors: Ismael Kalayu Sitotaw, Kiday Hailesslasie and Yohannes Adama

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:61

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  37. Content type: Research article

    With the increased consumption of mixed dishes, the need for more precise quantitative data on individual food components is becoming more important. This paper aims to examine the consumption of meat, poultry...

    Authors: Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer and Anna Rangan

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:52

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) provides participants seasonal Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program (FMNP) vouchers to purchase fruits and vegetables (FV) at farm...

    Authors: Jennifer Di Noia, Dorothy Monica, Alla Sikorskii and Karen Weber Cullen

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:48

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  39. Content type: Technical advance

    Obtaining reliable food portion size estimations in dietary surveys found to be a difficult task. A food atlas is a set of photograph series depicting different amounts of a particular food, usually bound toge...

    Authors: Ranil Jayawardena and Manoja P. Herath

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:43

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Wild blueberries have a high content of polyphenols, but there is limited data evaluating their health benefits in adults at risk for type 2 diabetes. The objective of the study was to investigate whether cons...

    Authors: K. S. Stote, M. I. Sweeney, T. Kean, D. J. Baer, J. A. Novotny, N. L. Shakerley, A. Chandrasekaran, P. M. Carrico, J. A. Melendez and K. T. Gottschall-Pass

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:45

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The use of indices of infant and young child feeding practices to predict growth has generated inconsistent results, possibly through age and seasonal confounding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ass...

    Authors: Mekitie Wondafrash, Lieven Huybregts, Carl Lachat, Kimberley P. Bouckaert and Patrick Kolsteren

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:39

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Learning and memory have been shown to be influenced by combination of dietary supplements and exercise in animal models, but there is little available evidence from human subjects. The aim of this pilot study...

    Authors: Solvejg L. Hansen, Anina Ritterband-Rosenbaum, Camilla B. Voigt, Lars I. Hellgren, Ann-Dorit M. Sørensen, Charlotte Jacobsen, Line Z. Greve, Katrine D. Jørgensen, Peder E. Bilde, Bente Kiens and Jens B. Nielsen

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:37

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  43. Content type: Research article

    There is a great deal of controversy as to whether higher protein intake improves or worsens insulin sensitivity in humans. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of a short-term elevation in ...

    Authors: Il-Young Kim, Scott E. Schutzler, Gohar Azhar, Robert R. Wolfe, Arny A. Ferrando and Robert H. Coker

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:33

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Food insecurity influences children nutritional status by limiting the quantity and quality of dietary intake. Studies conducted across different parts of the world revealed controversial evidences about the r...

    Authors: Ermiyas Mulu and Bezatu Mengistie

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:35

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Assessment of food intake is a cornerstone of nutritional research. However, the use of minimally validated dietary assessment methods is common and can generate misleading results. Thus, there is a need for v...

    Authors: Jacynthe Lafrenière, Benoît Lamarche, Catherine Laramée, Julie Robitaille and Simone Lemieux

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:34

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Cost-effective approaches to improve feeding practices and to reduce undernutrition are needed in low-income countries. Strategies such as nutritional counseling, food supplements, and cash transfers can subst...

    Authors: S. B. Ickes, C. Baguma, C. A. Brahe, J. A. Myhre, L. S. Adair, M. E. Bentley and A. S. Ammerman

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:32

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  47. Content type: Research article

    More than a quarter of children living in Sub-Saharan Africa are underweight. Nutritional deficiency in children increases the risk of infection and affects their mental development. However, there was scarcit...

    Authors: Frehiwot Abebe, Ayele Geleto, Lelisa Sena and Cherinet Hailu

    Citation: BMC Nutrition 2017 3:30

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