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Table 3 One-day nutrient intakes from food, beverage and supplements of toddlers aged 12 to 35 months (n = 965)

From: Nutrient intakes of infants and toddlers from maternal and child care centres in urban areas of China, based on one 24-hour dietary recall

  12 to 23 months 24 to 35 months
Nutrient RNI or AI EAR Median Mean ± SD Median Mean (SD)
Macronutrients
 Energy (EER, Kcal/d) 12–23 months: M 900, F 800   953 1138 ± 647 1060 1189 ± 586
24–35months: M 1100, F 1000
 Fat (g/d)    35 41 ± 27 36 41 ± 24
 Carbohydrate (g/d)   120 124 154 ± 93 144 163 ± 91
 Protein (g/d) 25 20 34 41 ± 26 40 45 ± 24
 Fibre (g/d)    3.2 4.1 ± 4.1 4.1 5.9 ± 6.5
As percentage of total energy
 Fat (%) 35 (AI)   33 32 ± 11 31 31 ± 11
 Carbohydrate (%) 50 ~ 60   53 54 ± 12 54 54 ± 12
 Protein (%)    13.7 14.5 ± 4.3 14.8 15.6 ± 4.2
 Antioxidants       
 Vitamin C (mg/d) 40 35 59 87 ± 91 50 76 ± 182
 Vitamin E (mg/d) 6 (AI)   10 12 ± 8 10.3 12.4 ± 8.9
B vitamins
 Thiamine (mg/d) 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 ± .07 0.6 0.8 ± 0.8
 Riboflavin (mg/d) 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.2 ± 1.2 0.8 1.1 ± 1.0
 Niacin (mg/d) 6 5 6.2 7.5 ± 5.5 7.2 8.8 ± 6.2
 Vitamin B6 (mg/d) 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 ± 0.6 0.4 0.6 ± 0.7
 Folate (μg dietary folate equivalents/d) 160 130 112 138 ± 108 124 174 ± 180
Bone-related nutrients
 Calcium (mg/d) 600 500 559 804 ± 829 510 646 ± 528
 Phosphorus (mg/d) 300 250 606 764 ± 577 677 762 ± 415
 Magnesium (mg/d) 140 110 129 152 ± 95 143 160 ± 87
Other micronutrients
 Vitamin A (μgRAE/d) 310 220 610 805 ± 756 445 587 ± 503
 Iron (mg/d) 9 6 10.8 13.3 ± 9.4 11.8 15.2 ± 13.8
 Zinc (mg/d) 4 3 6.1 7.7 ± 5.5 6.7 7.6 ± 4.4
 Sodium (mg/d) 700 (AI)   1981 2399 ± 1757 1941 2271 ± 2351
 Potassium (mg/d) 900 (AI)   1052 1328 ± 1022 1158 1343 ± 820
 Selenium (μg/d) 25 20 23 27 ± 21 27 31 ± 17
  1. RNI Recommended Nutrient Intake, AI Adequate Intake, EAR Estimated Average Requirement, EER Estimated Energy Requirements, RAE retinol activity equivalent. A blank space in columns of RNI/AI and EAR indicates that no value has been defined by the Chinese Nutrition Society