Skip to main content

Table 3 The diagnosis of SAM by WHZ, absolute-MUAC or by both criteria in 38 countries with more than 75 SAM children and from 9 other countries

From: Weight-for-height and mid-upper-arm circumference should be used independently to diagnose acute malnutrition: policy implications

Country SAM subjects WHZ < -3 only % MUAC <115 mm only % Both criteria % %WHZ minus %MUAC Total WHZ < -3 % Total MUAC <115 mm %
Mozambique 171 18.7 51.5 29.8 −32.7 48.5 81.3
Malawi 493 19.3 73.4 7.3 −54.2 26.6 80.7
Tajikistan 226 19.5 67.7 12.8 −48.2 32.3 80.5
Ivory Coast 106 25.5 62.3 12.3 −36.8 37.7 74.5
Uganda 1 031 25.5 63.7 10.8 −38.2 36.3 74.5
Rwanda 491 26.1 51.3 22.6 −25.3 48.7 73.9
Burundi 734 26.3 57.9 15.8 −31.6 42.1 73.7
Sierra Leone 2 585 26.3 51.4 22.2 −25.1 48.6 73.7
Haiti 329 27.4 60.5 12.2 −33.1 39.5 72.6
Afghanistan 1 729 27.5 52.2 20.4 −24.7 47.8 72.5
Madagascar 163 28.2 54.6 17.2 −26.4 45.4 71.8
Angola 1 456 28.7 56.0 15.2 −27.3 44.0 71.3
Guinea 158 29.1 53.8 17.1 −24.7 46.2 70.9
CAR 622 31.2 56.3 12.5 −25.1 43.7 68.8
DRC 4 683 34.8 55.4 9.8 −20.6 44.6 65.2
Tanzania 255 35.7 42.7 21.6 −7.1 57.3 64.3
Pakistan 795 37.0 43.6 19.4 −6.7 56.4 63.0
Liberia 1 383 39.3 45.5 15.3 −6.2 54.5 60.7
Myanmar 489 40.5 37.4 22.1 3.1 62.6 59.5
Nepal 238 43.3 36.6 20.2 6.7 63.4 56.7
Ethiopia 1 973 43.4 41.0 15.6 2.4 59.0 56.6
Bangladesh 532 44.7 42.5 12.8 2.3 57.5 55.3
Niger 1 537 50.7 25.4 23.9 25.4 74.6 49.3
Nigeria 764 51.0 32.2 16.8 18.8 67.8 49.0
Chad 3 813 51.9 25.8 22.3 26.1 74.2 48.1
South Sudan 8 286 57.2 25.5 17.3 31.7 74.5 42.8
Somalia 5 541 57.4 28.9 13.6 28.5 71.1 42.6
Benin 95 57.9 24.2 17.9 33.7 75.8 42.1
Burkina Faso 916 58.7 23.0 18.2 35.7 77.0 41.3
Cameroun 90 60.0 26.7 13.3 33.3 73.3 40.0
Sudan 3 312 60.5 19.2 20.4 41.3 80.8 39.5
Mauritania 675 61.5 27.6 11.0 33.9 72.4 38.5
India 341 61.6 15.5 22.9 46.0 84.5 38.4
Mali 449 62.6 23.4 14.0 39.2 76.6 37.4
Kenya 1 156 77.7 12.9 9.4 64.8 87.1 22.3
Gambia 112 78.6 10.7 10.7 67.9 89.3 21.4
Senegal 534 86.0 6.7 7.3 79.2 93.3 14.0
Sri Lanka 115 87.0 7.0 6.1 80.0 93.0 13.0
Total/%a 48 697 47.3 36.3 16.5 11.0 63.7 52.7
Mean ± SDb - 44.7 ± 19.1 39.3 ± 18.2 16 ± 5.4 31.4 ± 19.4c 60.7 ± 18.2 55.3 ± 19.1
Countries with total number of SAM children in surveys <75   
Guatemala 14 7.1 92.9 0.0 −85.7 7.1 92.9
Zambia 44 15.9 77.3 6.8 −61.4 22.7 84.1
Timor 40 35.0 32.5 32.5 2.5 67.5 65.0
Zimbabwe 37 37.8 48.6 13.5 −10.8 51.4 62.2
Eritrea 44 47.7 43.2 9.1 4.5 56.8 52.3
Guinea−Bissau 22 59.1 31.8 9.1 27.3 68.2 40.9
Togo 52 61.5 32.7 5.8 28.8 67.3 38.5
Philippines 51 78.4 15.7 5.9 62.7 84.3 21.6
Thailand 15 80.0 20.0 0.0 60.0 80.0 20.0
  1. The data are presented as percent of the total number of SAM children fulfilling either WHZ or MUAC criteria
  2. DRC Democratic Republic of Congo; CAR Central African Republic
  3. aTotal children with GAM and percent of all children in the database with that characteristic
  4. bThe mean and SD of the 38 countries
  5. ccalculated using absolute numbers