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Table 1 Socioeconomic/demographic characteristics

From: Poverty and poor education are key determinants of high household food insecurity among populations adjoining forest concessions in the Congo Basin

Variables Cameroon DRC Gabon
Sex of family head Female 73.1 76.7 55.5
Male 26.9 23.3 44.5
Marital status Single 9.3   25.2
Married 84.6 100 57.6
Widow/Divorce 6,1   17.2
Primary occupation Farming /illegal logging 96.1 100 73.9
Worker 2,4   6.3
Trader 1.1   2.7
Retired 0.4   17.1
Age of the family head(Years) ≤30 17.7 29.6 3.9
31-39 21.3 14.8 12.4
40-49 23.1 18.5 21.9
50-59 22.7 13 22.5
60 and above 15.2 24.1 39.3
Level of education No formal education 4.7 22.4 30.7
Primary education 63.6 56.9 39.1
Secondary education 31 20.7 28.6
University 0.7   1.6
Source of potable water Unprotected 79,7 100 71,3
Protected 20,3   28,7
Quality of roof material     
Roofingtile 2.5   7.8
Metal roof 62.5   92.2
thatch 2.9 30  
Marantaceae /other leaves 32.1 70  
Ownership of household durable goods Motorcycle
Bicycle
Car
Refrigerator
Television
Radio
Electricity
27.4
3.6
3.2
2.2
36.8
56.3
44.8
8.3
88.4
0
0
0
100
4.3
0.9
1.7
1.7
15.7
14.3
6,1
Length of stay in the area <1 year 3.5   10,3
1-2 years 3.6   1.1
>2 < 5 years 7.2   5.9
4 > 5 ≤ 10 years 6.1   9.2
>10 years 79.6 100 73.5
Place of residence before the study In another part of the forest 9.3   22.9
In another forest 12.9 1.6  
Inside the forest 3.2 90.9 3.1
In the same part of the forest 74.6 7.5 74
Main source of income Salary 3.6   2.7
Occasional odd jobs 3   0.9
Agriculture 43.4 100 94.6
Illegal logging 1.4   1.8
Agriculture&trading 14.1   
Agriculture & illegal logging 34.5   
Household wealth index scores 0-1
2–4
5-7
15.2
53.5
31.5
100 54.4
45.6