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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants enrolled in public and private basic schools

From: Malnutrition and associated factors in children: a comparative study between public and private schools in Hohoe Municipality, Ghana

Variables Public schools n/N(%) Private schools n/N(%) P-value
Sex    
 Male 206/417 (49.4) 106/216 (49.1) 0.938
 Female 211/417 (50.6) 110/216 (50.9)  
Age (years) 8.4 ± 2.6 8.1 ± 7.5 0.097
Age groups (years)    
 3–5 78/417 (18.7) 38/216 (17.6) 0.732
 6–12 339/417 (81.3) 178/216 (82.4)  
Class groups    
 Kindergarten 112/417 (26.9) 55/216 (25.5)  
 Lower primary 158/417 (37.9) 84/216 (38.9) 0.928
 Upper primary 147/417 (35.3) 77/216 (35.7)  
Location of school    
 Rural 291/417 (69.8) 0 ---
 Urban 126/417 (30.2) 216/216 (100)  
Guardian Occupation    
 Formal 22/417 (5.3) 24/216 (11.1)  
 Petty trader 134/417 (31.1) 105/216 (48.6)  
 Unemployed 52/417 (12.5) 29/216 (13.4) 0.000
 Artisan 47/417 (11.3) 42/216 (19.4)  
 Farmer 162/417 (38.85) 16/216 (7.4)  
Fruit 3 times per week    
 Yes 81/417 (19.4) 79/216 (36.57) 0.000
 No 336/417 (80.6) 137/216 (63.4)  
Breakfast every morning    
 Yes 394/417 (94.5) 201/216 (93.1) 0.473
 No 23/417 (5.5) 15/216 (6.9)  
Number of meals eaten in a day
 At least 2 times daily 9/10 (90.0) 1/10 (10.0) 0.000
 3 times daily 347/466 (74.5) 119/466 (5.5)  
 4 times daily 61/157 (38.9) 96/157 (61.2)