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Table 4 Nutritional Profiles of Diets Provided and Recorded as Eaten during the 2 weeks’ intervention by diet assignment

From: A randomized controlled trial of the effects of a prudent diet on cardiovascular risk factors, gene expression, and DNA methylation - the Diet and Genetic Intervention (DIGEST) Pilot study

Nutrient Prudent (n = 40) Western (n = 34)
Energy (kcal/d) 2162 (542) 1941 (502)
Total protein (% energy) 18.9 (2.9) 14.4 (1.7)
Available carbohydrate (% energy) 54.0 (3.1) 49.4 (4.2)
Total dietary fiber (g/2000 kcal) 37.8 (5.5) 12.8 (5.3)
Total fat (% energy) 25.6 (3.2) 35.7 (4.4)
Saturated (% energy) 6.3 (1.6) 13.9 (2.4)
Polyunsaturated (% energy) 5.5 (0.7) 6.2 (1.6)
Monounsaturated (% energy) 11.6 (1.5) 12.0 (1.7)
P:S ratio 0.91 (0.18) 0.46 (0.14)
Dietary cholesterol (mg/2000 kcal) 238 (90) 348 (68)
Alcohol (% energy) 0.9 (1.8) 0.3 (0.8)
Vitamin C (mg/2000 kcal) 256 (53) 79 (55)
Potassium (mg/2000 kcal) 3737 (397) 1864 (563)
Magnesium (mg/2000 kcal) 425 (59) 153 (59)
Sodium (mg/2000 kcal) 1993 (355) 3356 (468)
Vegetables (cup eq./2000 kcal) 3.3 (0.7) 1.1 (0.6)
Fruits (cup eq./2000 kcal) 3.3 (0.8) 0.7 (0.8)
Fruits & Veg (cup eq./2000 kcal) 6.7 (1.4) 1.8 (1.3)
  1. Data are presented as means (SD). Significant between-diet differences are denoted by † at P < 0.05, or ‡ at P < 0.01 (independent samples t-test)