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Table 3 Average estimates of sodium intake

From: Sodium intake in Germany estimated from sodium excretion measured in spot urine samples

  Men Women
  Mean CI mean Median CI median Mean CI mean Median CI median
  (mmol/d) (mmol/d) (mmol/d) (mmol/d) (mmol/d) (mmol/d) (mmol/d) (mmol/d)
Johner [28, 36] 194 188–199 174 168–180 167 163–171 149 144–154
Toft [31] 205 203–207 206 204–208 138 137–139 138 137–139
Brown [35] 166 165–168 164 162–166 124 123–125 123 122–124
Tanaka [32] 169 167–170 168 166–170 162 161–164 160 158–162
Kawasaki [33] 230 226–233 228 224–231 194 192–196 190 187–193
  1. Mean and median daily sodium excretion of German men and women estimated with various methods