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Table 3 Bivariate and Logistic regression analyses showing the impact of selected variables On malnutrition as measured by stunting, Shinille woreda, Ethiopia Somali region, February, 2014 (n = 694)

From: Magnitude and factors associated with malnutrition in children 6–59 months of age in Shinille Woreda, Ethiopian Somali regional state: a cross-sectional study

Variables Stunting
Yes No OR (CI) AOR (CI) P
Family size
  ≤ 5 36 160 1 1  
  > 5 196 302 2.88 (1.92, 4.31) 3.82 (2.20, 6.60) 0.01
Edu. level of mother
 Illiterate 191 312 0.44 (0.30, 0.65) 4.95 (2.87, 8.52) 0.01
 Literate 41 150 1 1  
Occup of mother
 House wife only 112 263 1 1  
 Merchant/Trade 54 85 1.49 (0.99, 2.24) 0.81 (0.46, 1.44) 0.48
 Priv. Organization 10 10 2.34 (0.95, 5.79) 0.93 (0.24, 3.49) 0.91
 Gove. employee 17 20 1.99 (1.00, 3.95) 1.74 (0.60, 5.01) 0.30
 Daily laborer 18 57 0.74 (0.41, 1.31) 0.55 (0.22, 1.36) 0.20
 Other (specify) 21 27 1.82 (0.99, 3.36) 2.49 (1.05, 5.89) 0.03
Monthly income
  ≤ 750 210 336 3.58 (2.20, 5.18) 3.48 (1.99, 6.06) 0.01
  > 750 22 126 1 1  
Extra food During preg.
 Yes 48 100 1 1  
 No 184 362 1.05 (0.71, 1.56) 0.90 (0.41, 1.95) 0.79
Health during preg.
 Good 116 227 1 1  
 Not good/sick 116 235 0.96 (0.70, 1.32) 1.42 (0.89, 2.29) 0.14
Visited H. facility for ANC
 Yes 58 92 1 1  
 No 174 370 0.76 (0.51, 1.08) 0.49 (0.30, 0.80) 0.004
Child’s sex
 Male 91 273 1 1  
 Female 141 189 2.23 (1.62, 3.089) 2.54 (1.69, 3.83) 0.01
Child’s age
 6–11 113 218 1 1  
 12–23 72 99 1.40 (0.96, 2.05) 0.79 (0.45, 1.36) 0.40
 24–35 35 55 1.22 (0.75, 1.98) 1.55 (0.79, 3.02) 0.19
  ≥ 36 12 90 0.25 (0.13, 0.49) 0.15 (0.07, 0.31) 0.13
Immunization
 Yes 23 152 1 1  
 No 209 310 4.45 (2.77, 7.14) 9.20 (5.03,16.84) 0.01
Initiation of CF
  ≤ 6 202 388 1 1  
  > 6 30 74 0.77 (0.49, 1.23) 1.44 (0.70, 2.93) 0.31
Total duration of breast feeding
  < 12 222 371 5.44 (2.77, 10.68) 0.12 (0.05, 0.27) 0.01
  > 12 10 91 1 1  
Source of drinking water
 Pond/River 21 41 1   
 Well/Tap 211 421 0.97 (0.56, 1.69) 0.57 (0.26, 1.23) 0.15
Availability latrine
 Yes 178 334 1 1  
 No 54 128 0.79 (0.54, 1.14) 1.92 (1.14, 3.22) 0.01