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Table 5 Director attitudes regarding physical activity, staff, parents and children in the childcare center

From: The food and activity environments of childcare centers in Rhode Island: a directors’ survey

Question All centers (%) CACFP (%) Non-CACFP (%) p value*
  SA A D SD SA A D SD SA A D SD  
Directors
ᅟI am concerned about the children’s safety outside 13.1 7.5 39.3 40.2 16.7 5.6 41.7 36.1 11.6 8.7 37.7 42.0 .8101
ᅟI believe children’s active play should not be shortened as a punishment. 61.7 27.1 4.7 6.5 63.9 22.2 8.3 5.6 62.3 27.5 2.9 7.3 .6279
ᅟI believe it is important to communicate with parents regarding physical activity 46.7 52.3 -- 0.9 58.3 41.7 -- 0.0 42.0 56.5 -- 1.5 .2026
ᅟI believe the outdoor space at my center is adequate to support physical activity 55.1 39.3 4.7 0.9 55.6 38.9 2.8 2.8 55.1 39.1 5.8 0.0 .6313
ᅟI believe the indoor space at my center is adequate to support physical activity 26.4 54.7 14.2 4.7 22.9 51.4 17.1 8.6 29.0 55.1 13.0 2.9 .5264
ᅟI believe children behave better when they are given plenty of activity. 66.4 32.7 0.9 -- 72.2 25.0 2.8 -- 65.2 34.8 0.0 -- .2517
ᅟI believe it is important to strictly limit the amount of time children spend watching television or playing on the computer. 81.3 18.7 -- -- 77.8 22.2 -- -- 82.6 17.4 -- -- .6047
ᅟI believe it is important to strictly limit children’s access to television or movies regardless of the content. 75.7 21.5 2.8 -- 72.2 25.0 2.8 -- 76.8 20.3 2.9 -- .8299
Staff
ᅟOn average, my staff has very limited or no training or education in physical activity 0.9 22.9 61.0 15.2 0.0 20.0 71.4 8.6 1.5 24.6 55.1 18.8 .3379
ᅟPhysical activity training (other than playground safety) is offered to child-care staff 8.6 48.6 40.0 2.8 8.3 63.9 25.0 2.8 8.8 39.7 48.5 2.9 .0809
ᅟOn average, my staff is physically unable to participate in active play with the children 3.7 -- 39.3 57.0 2.8 -- 52.8 44.4 4.4 -- 30.4 65.2 .0647
ᅟThere is a shortage of staff to engage children in structured physical activities 0.9 0.9 39.3 58.9 0.0 2.8 55.6 41.7 1.4 0.0 29.0 69.6 .0089
ᅟThe staff members at my center enjoy joining in with the children in play 40.6 50.9 7.5 0.9 31.4 57.1 11.4 0.0 46.4 46.4 5.8 1.4 .3290
ᅟThe staff encourages children to go outside when it is cold out. 41.1 51.4 6.5 0.9 30.6 52.8 13.9 2.8 47.8 49.3 2.9 0.0 .0359
ᅟIt would be difficult to make sure the children are active for at least 1 h per day 1.9 -- 40.2 57.9 2.8 -- 44.4 52.8 1.5 -- 36.2 62.3 .4705
Parents
ᅟParents demand that their children are physically active. 8.7 40.4 46.1 4.8 0.0 40.0 51.4 8.6 13.4 41.8 41.8 3.0 .0547
ᅟParents dress their children appropriately for outdoor physical activity 11.2 51.4 33.6 3.7 5.6 41.7 47.2 5.6 14.5 58.0 24.6 2.9 .0670
ᅟParents do not want children to go outside when it gets cold. 7.7 33.7 51.9 6.7 14.3 54.3 28.6 2.9 4.5 22.4 64.2 9.0 .0006
Children              
ᅟChildren go outside every day (not including days when extreme weather conditions don’t allow for outdoor play time) 79.4 17.8 2.8 -- 63.9 30.6 5.6 -- 87.0 11.6 1.4 -- .0149
ᅟChildren go outside during the winter months as often as they do during the summer months 29.2 30.2 39.6 0.9 33.3 25.0 41.7 0.0 27.9 32.4 38.2 1.5 .8393
ᅟDuring child-led (or unstructured) active playtime, children who are not moving are prompted to be active 50.0 45.3 4.7 -- 48.6 45.7 5.7 -- 50.7 44.9 4.4 -- 1.000
ᅟAs a reward, we often allow children extra time for physical activity 17.3 41.3 30.8 10.6 12.1 57.6 18.2 12.1 18.8 34.8 36.2 10.1 .1242
ᅟWhen bad weather prevents the children from going outside, it is difficult to keep the children physically active indoors 0.9 16.8 54.2 28.0 0.0 13.9 50.0 36.1 1.5 18.8 55.1 24.6 .6476
ᅟParents are encouraged to provide children with appropriate clothing for going out in the snow 69.8 25.5 2.8 1.9 62.9 28.6 5.7 2.9 73.9 23.2 1.5 1.5 .3573
  1. SA Strongly Agree, A Agree, D Disagree, SD Strongly Disagree
  2. *p value indicates Fisher’s Exact Test differences between the Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) and non-CACFP distributions for each variable
  3. --indicates no responses in that category