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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios (OR)a and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) for CVD risk factors by dietary clusters among Pakistani older adults

From: Do dietary patterns explain high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among Pakistani urban adults? A cross-sectional study

CVD Risk Factors N (%) Cluster 1 (n = 447)
OR(95 % CI)
Cluster 2 (n = 745)
OR(95 % CI)
Cluster 3 (n = 354)
OR(95 % CI)
Obese (BMI ≥ 25) 711 (46.0) 1.39 (1.08–1.78)b Ref (1.00) 0.92 (0.70–1.20)
Central Obesity (WC ≥90 cm in males or ≥80 cm in females) 883 (57.2) 1.33 (1.04–1.71)b Ref (1.00) 0.97 (0.75–1.30)
Elevated SBP (>120 mmHg) 1054 (68.2) 0.67 (0.51–0.86)b Ref (1.00) 0.90 (0.68–1.20)
High Cholesterol (>200 mg/dl) 500 (32.3) 1.20 (0.90–1.50) Ref (1.00) 0.97 (0.73–1.28)
High LDL (>100 mg/dl) 1079 (69.8) 1.43 (1.10–1.86)b Ref (1.00) 1.53(1.15–2.03)b
High TG (>150 mg/dl) 555 (35.9) 1.30 (0.99–1.63) Ref (1.00) 1.07(0.82–1.40)
Low HDL (<40 mg/dl) 870 (56.3) 1.34 (1.03–1.73)b Ref (1.00) 1.27 (0.96–1.67)
Elevated FBS (>100 mg/dl) 539 (34.9) 0.99 (0.77–1.27) Ref (1.00) 0.74 (0.56–0.98)b
  1. BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, SBP Systolic blood pressure, LDL-C Low density lipoprotein, TG Triglycerides, HDL High density lipoprotein, FBS Fasting blood sugar
  2. aMultinomial regression analysis was performed. The model was adjusted for age, gender, physical activity and tobacco use
  3. b <0.05