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Table 2 Caries Experience and Malnutrition from Baseline to 2-year Follow-up (Cross-sectional and Longitudinal samples)a

From: Early childhood caries and malnutrition: baseline and two-year follow-up results of a community-based prevention intervention in Rural Ecuador

  Baseline (2011) Follow-up (2013) p value
Caries Experience N %/Mean N %/Mean
Caries Prevalence 0–6 years Cross-sectional 595 81.3% 546 78.0% 0.070
2–4 years-old Cross-sectional 293 89.9% 247 80.2% <0.001
2–4 years-old Longitudinal 100 93.5% 63 86.3% 0.089
Mean dmft 0–6 years Cross-sectional 731 7.3 (SD 5.4) 698 6.1 (SD 4.7) <0.001
2–4 years Cross-sectional 326 7.7 (SD 5.0) 308 5.3 (SD 3.2) <0.001
2–4 years Longitudinal 110 8.2 (SD 4.8) 123 6.2 (SD 4.1) 0.024
Prevalence of Deep decay 0–6 years Cross-sectional 287 39.2% 256 36.6% 0.165
2–4 years Cross-sectional 116 35.6% 82 26.6% 0.009
2–4 years Longitudinal 34 31.8% 25 34.2% 0.425
Prevalence of Mouth pain 0–6 years Cross-sectional 221 30.2% 145 20.8% <0.001
2–4 years Cross-sectional 94 28.8% 73 23.7% 0.084
2–4 years Longitudinal 40 37.4% 23 31.5% 0.258
Prevalence of any Restorative Treatment 0–6 years Cross-sectional 163 22.3% 192 27.5% 0.014
2–4 years Cross-sectional 46 14.1% 54 17.5% 0.142
2–4 years Longitudinal 18 16.8% 18 24.7% 0.136
Mean number of untreated lesions 0–6 years Cross-sectional 731 6.2 (SD 5.0) 698 5.2 (SD 4.3) <0.001
2–4 years Cross-sectional 326 7.4 (SD 4.9) 308 4.9 (SD 3.9) <0.001
2–4 years Longitudinal 110 7.8 (SD 4.8) 123 5.5 (SD 3.9) 0.001
Malnutrition
Stunting prevalence HAZ < −2Z 0–6 years Cross-sectional 22 30.6% 198 24.8% 0.183
2–4 years Cross-sectional 113 34.7% 99 32.1% 0.278
2–4 years Longitudinal 46 43.0% 21 28.8% 0.037
Underweight prevalence WAZ < −2Z 0–6 years Cross-sectional 53 7.3% 40 5.7% 0.144
2–4 years Cross-sectional 19 5.8% 16 5.2% 0.431
2–4 years Longitudinal 4 3.7% 2 2.7% 0.533
  1. a2–4 year old age group were selected for analysis in order to provide better comparability between the longitudinal sample and the cross-sectional sample