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Table 1 Background characteristics of subjects and parents for N = 153 and N = 74

From: Correlation between dietary intake and serum ganglioside concentrations: a cross-sectional study among Malaysian toddlers

Characteristics Entire group (N = 153) Sub group (N = 74)
n (%) Mean ± SE n (%) Mean ± SE
SUBJECT
Age (months)   18.8 ± 0.3   18.7 ± 0.4
 12.0–17.9 61 (39.9)   29 (39.2)  
 18.0–24.5 92 (60.1   45 (60.8)  
BMI-for-agea   0.06 ± 0.09   0.00 ± 0.13
 Moderately thin 5 (3.3)   2 (2.7)  
 Normal 120 (78.4)   57 (77.0)  
 At risk of overweight 19 (12.4)   10 (13.5)  
 Overweight 9 (5.9)   5 (6.8)  
FATHER
Age (years)   34.1 ± 0.4   33.6 ± 0.5
Education level completed     
 Secondary school 24 (15.7)   13 (17.6)  
 Matriculation/Diploma 58 (37.9)   31 (41.9)  
 Degree 71 (46.4)   30 (40.5)  
Monthly income (RM)b     
 Less than 3000 47 (30.7)   23 (31.0)  
 3000–6000 89 (58.2)   44 (59.5)  
 More than 6000 17 (11.1)   7 (9.5)  
MOTHER
Age (years)   32.8 ± 0.3   32.2 ± 0.4
Education level     
 Secondary school 12 (7.8)   5 (6.8)  
 Matriculation/Diploma 60 (39.3)   26 (35.1)  
 Degree 81 (52.9)   43 (58.1)  
Monthly income (RM)b     
 Less than 3000 53 (34.6)   26 (35.1)  
 3000–6000 92 (60.1)   44 (59.5)  
 More than 6000 8 (5.3)   4 (5.4)  
  1. aBody mass index-for-age z score: Moderately thin (BMI-for-age z score < −2.0 SD to −3.0 SD); Normal (BMI-for-age z score ≥ −2.0 SD to < +1 SD); At risk of overweight (BMI-for-age z score ≥ +1 SD to < +2.0 SD); Overweight (BMI-for-age z score ≥ +2.0 SD) [27]; b ~ RM4 to US1.00