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Table 4 Factors Associated With chronic energy deficiency among Adults Living with HIV in Gondar university referral Hospital, NWE, Gondar, 2016

From: Chronic energy deficiency and associated factors among adults living with HIV in Gondar University Referral Hospital northwest Ethiopia

Variables Chronic energy deficiency COR 95%CI AOR 95%CI
  Yes No   
Sex     b
 Male 19 93 .87 (0.68, 1.59)  
 Female 39 166 1.00  
Age     b
 18–29 14 40 1.97 (0.85,4.54)  
 30–44 30 140 1.20 (0.60,2.41)  
  ≥ 45 14 79 1  
Religion     b
 Orthodox 54 241 1  
 Muslim 4 18 0.99(0.32,3.0)  
Residency     b
 Urban 48 239 1  
 Rural 10 20 2.49(1.09,5.65)a  
Marital status     b
 Unmarried 34 124 1.54(0.86,2.74)  
 Currently married 24 135 1  
Educational status
 No formal education 27 70 2.57(1.29,5.13)a 2.05 (1.01, 4.21)c
 Primary education 15 82 1.22(0.57,2.61) 0.89(0.39,2.00)
 Secondary and above 16 107 1 1
Occupation     b
 Unemployed 14 76 0.766(0.39,1.48)  
 Employed 44 183 1  
Wealth Index     b
 Low 26 79 1  
 Medium 14 92 0.46(0.22,0.94)  
 High 18 88 0.62(0.31,1.21)  
Dietary Diversity     b
 Inadequate 47 231 1  
 Adequate 11 28 1.93(0.89,4.14)  
ART status     b
 Pre-ART 14 28 2.6(1.28,5.38)a  
 On ART 44 231 1  
Stage of the Disease
 One 41 266 1 1
 Two 9 22 2.25(0.97,5.24) 2.02(0.83,4.91)
 Three and four 8 11 4.0(1.52,10.50)a 3.84(1.39,10.61)c
CD4
 <200 10 38 1.21(0.56,2.59)  
 >200 48 221 1  
Toilet availability     b
 Yes 45 231 1  
 No 13 28 2.38(1.14,4.95)a  
Diarrhea
 Yes 12 13 4.93(2.12,11.49)a 4.43(1.83,10.72)c
 No 46 246 1 1
Anemia
 Yes 20 61 1  
 No 38 198 1.70(0.96,3.15)  
  1. avariables which were significant by bivariate analysis
  2. bvariables which were not significant in multivariate analysis using back ward likelihood ratio variable selection method
  3. cindicates variables which show significant association in multivariate analysis