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Table 8 Comparison between parents who are not obese and obese parents

From: Overweight and obesity and their associated factors among early adolescence school children in urban and rural Portugal

Characteristics Parents who are not obese Obese parents Total p
Female 43 (58.9%) 9 (39.1%) 52 (54.2%) 0.097
Age (years) 10 28 (38.4%) 13 (56.5%) 41 (42.7%) 0.268
11 18 (24.7%) 5 (21.7%) 23 (24.0%)
12 27 (37.0%) 5 (21.7%) 32 (33.3%)
Setting Urban 29 (39.7%) 4 (17.4%) 33 (34.4%) 0.049
Rural 44 (60.3%) 19 (82.6%) 63 (65.6%)
Number of times breakfast is eaten Never 0 (0.0%) 1 (4.3%) 1 (1.0%) 0.169
4 times or less 4 (5.5%) 0 (0.0%) 4 (4.2%)
Every day 69 (94.5%) 22 (95.7%) 91 (94.8%)
What is eaten or drunk for breakfast Coffee and cake/cookies 28 (38.9%) 9 (39.1%) 37 (38.9%) 0.929
Plain milk/yogurt 15 (20.8%) 4 (17.4%) 19 (20.0%)
Bread with milk/yogurt 29 (40.3%) 10 (43.5%) 39 (41.1%)
Eating soup at lunch or dinner Never 2 (2.7%) 2 (8.7%) 4 (4.2%) 0.512
4 times a week or less 20 (27.4%) 6 (26.1%) 26 (27.1%)
1 or more times a day 51 (69.9%) 15 (65.2%) 66 (68.8%)
Eating salads and/or boiled vegetables Never 3 (4.1%) 3 (13.0%) 6 (6.3%) 0.112
4 times a week or less 33 (45.2%) 13 (56.5%) 46 (47.9%)
1 or more times a day 37 (50.7%) 7 (30.4%) 44 (45.8%)
Eating fish and/or meat Never 1 (1.4%) 1 (4.3%) 2 (2.1%) 0.134
4 times a week or less 2 (2.7%) 2 (8.7%) 4 (4.2%)
>4 times a week 26 (35.6%) 3 (13.0%) 29 (30.2%)
Everyday 44 (60.3%) 17 (73.9%) 61 (63.5%)
Eating fruit 4 pieces a week or less 14 (19.2%) 4 (17.4%) 18 (18.8%) 0.047
1 or 2 pieces a day 39 (53.4%) 18 (78.3%) 57 (59.4%)
3 pieces a day 20 (27.4%) 1 (4.3%) 21 (21.9%)
Eating candies, pizzas, hamburgers or ice-cream Everyday 6 (8.2%) 7 (30.4%) 13 (13.5%) 0.025
4 times a week or more 14 (19.2%) 4 (17.4%) 18 (18.8%)
<4 times a week 53 (72.6%) 12 (52.2%) 65 (67.7%)
Drinks high calorie drinks 4 times a week or more 21 (28.8%) 12 (52.2%) 33 (34.4%) 0.039
<4 times a week 52 (71.2%) 11 (47.8%) 63 (65.6%)
Number of meals a day 3 9 (12.3%) 2 (8.7%) 11 (11.5%) 0.030
4 39 (53.4%) 6 (26.1%) 45 (46.9%)
More than 4 25 (34.2%) 15 (65.2%) 40 (41.7%)
Time spent watching TV and playing video games 2 hours or more a day 57 (80.3%) 15 (65.2%) 72 (76.6%) 0.138
Less than 2 hours a day 14 (19.7%) 8 (34.8%) 22 (23.4%)
Physical activity besides Physical Education classes None 19 (26.4% 4 (17.4%) 23 (24.2%) 0.280
Only walking 6 (8.3%) 4 (17.4%) 10 (10.5%)
Only another activity 25 (34.7%) 11 (47.8%) 36 (37.9%)
Walking + another Activity. 22 (30.6%) 4 (17.4%) 26 (27.4%)
Daily walks of ≥30 minutes No 44 (61.1%) 15 (65.2%) 59 (62.1%) 0.724
Yes 28 (38.9%) 8 (34.8%) 36 (37.9%)