Skip to main content

Table 4 Plasma glucose and insulin responses during the oral glucose tolerance test and fasting lipids over 4-week dietary intervention

From: Short term elevation in dietary protein intake does not worsen insulin resistance or lipids in older adults with metabolic syndrome: a randomized-controlled trial

  Recommended Protein Intake Elevated Protein Intake
Pre Post Pre Post
Glucose AUC 22504 ± 2062 21745 ± 2789 23286 ± 2615 23335 ± 3097
Insulin AUC 10022 ± 2122 8314 ± 1899 14831 ± 3026 12561 ± 2300
Total cholesterol 184.8 ± 12.9 176.7 ± 21.6 179.5 ± 13.2 170.2 ± 10.4
Triglyceride 154.5 ± 19.3 175.3 ± 18.9 188.5 ± 18.2 192.0 ± 29.3
HDL cholesterol 36.8 ± 3.3 34.3 ± 3.6 35.5 ± 8.3 34.8 ± 9.8
LDL cholesterol 116.8 ± 11.5 108.3 ± 17.3 106.3 ± 12.9 97.7 ± 9.7
VLDL cholesterol 31.2 ± 3.9 35.3 ± 3.9 37.7 ± 8.7 38.5 ± 5.8
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± SEM (mg/dl)
  2. AUC area under the curve, HDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol, Very-low density lipoprotein cholesterol