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Table 2 Gender differences in the frequency of consumption of selected food items among a randomly selected sample of students at two universities in Bamenda, North West Region of Cameroon (N = 906)

From: A cross sectional analysis of eating habits and weight status of university students in urban Cameroon

Food items Frequency Males Females p-value
N = 434 N = 472
n % n %
Rice Less than once a week 50 11.5 94 19.9 ≤ 0.001
2 to 4 times a week 251 57.8 265 56.1
5 or more times a week 133 30.6 113 23.9
Bread Less than once a week 68 15.7 100 21.2 ≤ 0.001
2 to 4 times a week 217 50.0 259 54.9
5 or more times a week 149 34.3 113 23.9
Spaghetti Less than once a week 381 87.8 431 91.3 0.10
2 to 4 times a week 32 7.4 30 6.4
5 or more times a week 21 4.8 11 2.3
Beans Less than once a week 332 76.7 389 82.4 0.05
2 to 4 times a week 85 19.6 75 15.9
5 or more times a week 17 3.9 8 1.7
Fried Irish potatoes Less than once a week 287 66.1 267 56.6 0.01
2 to 4 times a week 128 29.5 176 37.3
5 or more times a week 19 4.4 29 6.1
Fried plantain Less than once a week 376 86.8 399 84.5 0.28
2 to 4 times a week 50 11.5 58 12.3
5 or more times a week 8 1.8 15 3.2
Sugar sweetened beverages Less than once a week 279 64.3 271 57.3 0.11
2 to 4 times a week 125 28.8 161 34.2
5 or more times a week 30 6.9 40 8.5
Margarine Less than once a week 354 81.5 408 86.4 ≤ 0.001
2 to 4 times a week 52 12.0 60 12.7
5 or more times a week 28 6.5 4 0.8
Sweets/ chocolate Less than once a week 269 61.9 221 46.7 ≤ 0.001
2 to 4 times a week 124 28.6 190 40.3
5 or more times a week 41 9.4 61 13.0
Cakes Less than once a week 279 68.6 372 78.8 ≤ 0.001
2 to 4 times a week 109 25.2 91 19.3
5 or more times a week 27 6.2 9 1.9
Meat/ fish Less than once a week 143 32.9 145 30.7 0.08
2 to 4 times a week 170 39.2 218 46.2
5 or more times a week 121 27.9 109 23.1
Eggs Less than once a week 148 34.1 178 37.7 0.33
2 to 4 times a week 214 49.3 230 48.7
5 or more times a week 72 16.6 64 13.6