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Table 3 Odds of overweight/obesity associated with selected dietary behaviors among a randomly selected sample of students at two universities in Bamenda, North West Region of Cameroon (N = 906)

From: A cross sectional analysis of eating habits and weight status of university students in urban Cameroon

Determinants N Overweight/obesity
Frequency (%) Step 1 Adjusted ORa (95% CI) p-value Step 2 Adjusted ORb (95% CI) p-value
Breakfast consumption
 Skip/rarely 242 23.6 1.8 (1.2–2.9) 0.01 2.2 (1.3–3.5) 0.002
 One to two times a week 142 36.6 1.2 (0.8–1.9) 0.39 1.3 (0.8–2.1) 0.22
 Three to four times a week 208 26.9 1.1 (0.7–1.6) 0.63 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 0.51
 Daily 314 24.5 Ref    Ref   
Snacks (in-between meals)
 Greater than 3 times a day 68 20.5 2.2 (1.4–5.5) 0.04 2.2 (0.9–5.7) 0.10
 Three times a day 36 33.3 1.1 (0.5–2.3) 0.77 0.9 (0.4–2.0) 0.81
 Twice a day 134 23.9 1.4 (0.8–2.6) 0.27 1.5 (0.8–2.9) 0.22
 Once a day 668 27.5 Ref    Ref   
Eating while watching TV
 Always 160 30.6 0.8 (0.5–1.4) 0.44 0.6 (0.4–1.1) 0.09
 Sometimes 660 25.3 1.1 (0.6–2.0) 0.68 1.0 (0.5–1.8) 0.96
 Never 86 30.2 Ref    Ref   
Fruits and vegetables consumption
 Never/occasionally 658 28.3 0.9 (0.6–1.3) 0.56 0.9 (0.5–1.3) 0.49
 Everyday 248 26.2 Ref    Ref   
When to stop eating
 More than fullness 68 32.4 0.7 (0.4–1.1) 0.14 0.7 (0.3–1.4) 0.32
 At fullness 670 26.1 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 0.27 0.7 (0.4–1.2) 0.21
 Before fullness 168 26.8 Ref    Ref   
  1. OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval
  2. aOdds ratios have been adjusted for the following confounding variables: age, gender, smoking, chronic disease, having a dietary regimen and type of institution
  3. bOdds ratios have been adjusted for the above confounding variables as well as breakfast consumption, snacks in-between meals, eating while watching TV, fruits and vegetables consumption and when to stop eating