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Table 3 Percentage distribution of maternal health and nutrition characteristics of the respondents from lowland and highland communities of, district Raya Alamata, Southern Tigiray, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Comparison of nutritional status and associated factors of lactating women between lowland and highland communities of District Raya, Alamata, Southern Tigiray, Ethiopia

Variable Residence
Lowland Highland
Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
ANC
 Yes 139(61.0) 128(56.1)
 No 89(39.0) 100(43.9)
PNC
 Yes 122(53.5) 99(43.4)
 No 106(46.5) 129(56.6)
Took vitamin A
 Yes 118(51.8) 83(36.4)
 No 110(48.2) 145(63.6)
Use family planning
 Yes 123(53.9) 117(51.3)
 No 105(46.1) 111(48.7)
Sick/ hospitalized
 Yes 14(6.1) 6(2.6)
 No 214(93.9) 222(97.4)
Cause of sickness n = 14 n = 6
 Malaria 7(50) 1(16.7)
 Diarrhea 1(7.1) 5(83.3)
 Tuberculosis 2(14.3)  
 Othera 4(28.6)  
Birth interval n = 180 n = 184
  < 3 years 46(25.6) 56(30.4)
  > = 3 years 134(74.4) 128(69.6)
Place of delivery
 Home 93(40.8) 133(58.3)
 Health institution 135(59.2) 95(41.7)
Parity
  < = 2 94(41.2) 82(36.0)
 3–6 110(48.2) 126(55.3)
  > = 7 24(10.5) 20(8.8)
Frequency of meal in a day
 Three times a day 166(72.8) 152(66.7)
 Two times a day 32(14.0) 49(21.5)
  > Three times a day 30(13.2) 27(11.8)
Consume extra food?
 Yes 103(45.2) 93(40.8)
 No 125(54.8) 135(59.2)
No. of extra food taken n = 103 n = 93
 One 70(68.0) 52(55.9)
 Two/three 33(32.0) 41(44.1)
Type of salt used
 Rock salt 17(7.5) 66(28.9)
 Powdered salt 47(20.6) 26(11.4)
 Imported iodized salt 23(10.1) 20(8.8)
 Local packed iodized salt 141(61.8) 116(50.9)
Use insecticide treated net
 Yes 196(86.0) 44(19.3)
 No 32(14.0) 184(80.7)
  1. aCough and fever