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Table 2 Home characteristics associated with energy and protein provision from menus

From: Nutritional quality of regular and pureed menus in Canadian long term care homes: an analysis of the Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) project

  Energy Protein
Regular Texture Menu Pureed Texture Menu Regular Texture Menu Pureed Texture Menu
kcal per day Test Statistic P-value kcal per day Test Statistic P-value grams per day Test Statistic P-value grams per day Test Statistic P-value
Home Sector, % (n)
For-profit 31.2 (10) 2255.2 (381.2) 5.3 a <0.0001 2023.5 (422.0) 4.6 a <0.0001 95.3 (18.7) 4.5 a <0.0001 89.1 (16.2) 3.6 a 0.0005
Non-profit 68.8 (22) 1968.9 (372.2)    1699.7 (511.5)    82.5 (20.4)    79.0 (25.6)   
Number of beds per LTC home, median (IQR) 126.0 (87.5–190.0) 2058.4 (397.1) 0.2 b 0.006 1800.9 (507.2) 0.1 b 0.44 86.5 (20.7) 0.2 b 0.02b 82.2 (23.6) 0.1 b 0.05
Menu cycle length in weeks, % (n)
 3 weeksd 40.6 (13) 2109.5 (419.0) g 8.2 c <0.0001 1767.6 (484.2) f,g 11.4 c <0.0001 84.0 (19.0) g 8.9 c <0.0001 79.5 (20.2) f,g 12.3 c <0.0001
 4 weekse 40.6 (13) 2035.9 (370.4) g    1805.9 (404.8) f,g    90.2 (22.2) g    85.1 (21.8) g   
 5 weeksf 12.5 (4) 2187.6 (302.6) g    2159.6 (678.5) d,e,g    94.0 (16.3) g    95.7 (30.5) g   
 6 weeksg 6.3 (2) 1613.5 (281.1) d,e,f    1266.7 (326.2) d,e,f    64.2 (11.5) d,e,f    53.8 (9.1) d,e,f   
Last full revision of the menu, % (n)
  < 6 monthsh 75.0 (24) 2088.5 (389.5) k 12.1 c <0.0001 1776.3 (473.3) i,k 16.2 c <0.0001 87.4 (21.2) k 6.2 c 0.0004 81.8 (22.1) k 11.2 c <0.0001
 6–12 monthsi 18.8 (6) 2111.9 (323.6) k    2106.2 (477.2) h,j,k    89.9 (17.2) k    91.8 (24.6) k   
 13–18 monthsj 3.1 (1) 1790.8 (182.0)    1437.4 (200.0) i    74.5 (11.3)    75.0 (13.3)   
  > 18 monthsk 3.1 (1) 1282.1 (243.3) h,i    921.1 (60.7) h,i    57.5 (8.6) h,i    40.6 (3.0) h,i   
Dietitian time (hours per week), median (IQR) 17.0 (13.0–22.5) 2058.4 (397.1) 0.1 b 0.07 1800.9 (507.2) −0.1 b 0.13 86.5 (20.7) 0.1 b 0.43 82.2 (23.6) −0.02 b 0.79
Raw food cost ($ per resident/day), median (IQR) * 7.7 (7.1–8.3) 2067.0 (383.3) 0.1 b 0.08 1817.0 (491.2) 0.2 b 0.001 87.2 (20.7) −0.1 b 0.28 83.1 (23.4) 0.1 b 0.41
Proportion of commercial food, median (IQR) 17.5 (10–30) 2058.4 (397.1) 0.2 b 0.005 1800.9 (507.2) 0.04 b 0.52 86.5 (20.7) −0.1 b 0.15 82.2 (23.6) −0.1 b 0.31
  1. Statistical tests were performed to compare home characteristics with energy and protein provision from the regular and pureed texture menus among the 32 LTC homes from four provinces
  2. Total n = 32, where * n = 27
  3. Abbreviations: kcal kilocalorie, IQR interquartile range
  4. aStatistical value is a t-value based on a Student’s t-test
  5. bStatistical value is a Pearson correlation coefficient
  6. cANOVA was performed and statistical value is a F-value
  7. d, e, f, g, h, i, j, kValues with different superscripts indicate a significant difference at p < 0.01
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