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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of breakfast skippers and breakfast consumers, aged 8-9 years (N = 2280)

From: Skipping breakfast among 8-9 year old children is associated with teacher-reported but not objectively measured academic performance two years later

  Never skippeda
(n = 2037)b
≥1 skipa
(n = 243)b
P-valuec
Characteristic n (%) n (%)  
Child’s sex
 Male 1057 (89.5) 124 (10.5)  
 Female 980 (89.2) 119 (10.8) 0.800
Ethnicity
 Non-Indigenous 2012 (89.5) 236 (10.5)  
 Indigenous 24 (77.4) 7 (22.6) 0.030
Sex of primary caregiver
 Male 79 (86.8) 12 (13.2)  
 Female 1958 (89.5) 231 (10.6) 0.425
Socio-economic status (SES)d
 Most disadvantaged SES quartile 398 (87.5) 58 (12.5)  
 Least disadvantaged SES quartile 418 (90.9) 44 (9.1) 0.098
Mother completed high school
 No 673 (87.7) 94 (12.3)  
 Yes 1353 (90.3) 146 (9.7) 0.066
Father completed high school
 No 764 (88.7) 98 (11.3)  
 Yes 1070 (91.1) 109 (8.9) 0.082
Two parent home
 No 183 (82.4) 39 (17.6)  
 Yes 1854 (90.1) 204 (9.9) <0.001
  1. aBreakfast consumption was reported by a parent/caregiver on three separate days: by face-to-face interview and two subsequent time use diaries
  2. bNumbers do not always equal the total sample number due to missing data
  3. c P-values calculated by chi-square analyses
  4. dSocioeconomic status quartiles are based on the distribution of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children data