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Table 2 Nutrient composition of school meals consumed by the children in the three schools

From: Nutritional value of school meals and their contributions to energy and nutrient intakes of rural school children in Enugu and Anambra States, Nigeria

Food Protein (%) Carbohydrate (%) Fat (%) Energy (Kcal) Ash (%) Moisture (%) Fibre (%) Vitamin A (RE) Vitamin C (mg) Iron (%) Calcium (mg) Zinc (mg)
Eke Central School
aYellow pap 2.8 28.4 0.3 127.5 0.1 67 1.3 3 NA 0.1 3 0.14
Okpa 9.6 ± 0.28 27.2 ± 0.22 4.70 ± 0.23 189.5 0.53 ± 0.06 56.42 ± 0.01 1.55 ± 0.21 255.5 ± 5.01 8.11 ± 0.01 0.65 ± 0.07 50 ± 0.01 1.50 ± 0.11
Richoco 0.69 8.2 0.19 37.27 NA NA 0.1 187.5 4.5 1.35 18 1.13
 Rice & beans 9.2 ± 0.47 20.5 ± 0.38 4 ± 0.09 145.6 1.2 ± 0.02 64.1 ± 0.03 3.34 ± 0.42 159.6 ± 9.61 6.7 ± 0.00 0.5 ± 0.00 45 ± 0.01 1.3 ± 0.10
aBread 8.4 48.4 1.8 243.4 1.9 36.5 3.1 63.2 NA 1.2 28 0.6
aEgg 12.6 0.7 9.5 138.7 1.1 76.2 NA 152 NA 1.7 53 1.23
aMilk 3.5 4.8 1.6 47.6 1 89.3 NA 33 1.5 0.05 120 0.39
Moi-moi 5.3 ± 0.27 15.37 ± 0.37 2.97 ± 0.18 109.41 0.93 ± 0.09 72.18 ± 0.09 1.1 ± 0.49 97.8 ± 7.71 4.62 ± 0.93 0.38 ± 0.06 50 ± 0.00 1.12 ± 0.09
aYoghurt 3.8 6.8 3.4 73 0.8 85.3 NA 30 0.7 0.1 118 0.58
Oma-Eke Community Primary School
aYellow pap 2.8 28.4 0.3 127.5 0.1 67 1.3 3 NA 0.1 3 0.14
Okpa 9.7 ± 0.28 28.1 ± 0.22 4.96 ± 0.23 195.8 1.02 ± 0.06 55.52 ± 0.15 0.7 ± 0.21 70.5 ± 5.01 6.73 ± 0.00 0.27 ± 0.07 42 ± 0.00 0.74 ± 0.02
Richoco 0.69 8.2 0.19 37.27 NA NA 0.1 187.5 4.5 1.35 18 1.13
 Rice & beans 7.2 ± 0.47 20.1 ± 0.28 3.6 ± 0.09 141.4 1.4 ± 0.08 66.2 ± 0.47 1.6 ± 0.14 129.7 ± 5.89 7.0 ± 0.00 0.3 ± 0.04 30 ± 0.04 3.0 ± 0.13
aBread 8.4 48.4 1.8 243.4 1.9 36.5 3.1 NA NA 1.2 28 0.6
aEgg 12.6 0.7 9.5 138.7 1.1 76.2 NA 152 NA 1.7 53 1.23
aMilk 3.5 4.8 1.6 47.6 1 89.3 NA 33 1.5 0.05 120 0.39
Moi-moi 8.42 ± 0.49 14.91 ± 0.01 3.35 ± 0.19 128.87 1.74 ± 0.10 70.28 ± 0.42 1.30 ± 0.14 135.6 ± 4.45 8.22 ± 0.00 0.79 ± 0.73 40 ± 0.00 1.21 ± 0.04
aYoghurt 3.8 6.8 3.4 73.0 0.8 85.3 NA 30 0.7 0.1 118 0.58
Abatete Central/Salvation Army Primary School
aYellow pap 2.8 28.4 0.3 127.5 0.1 67 1.3 3 NA 0.1 3 0.14
Okpa 7.31 ± 0.22 15.6 ± 0.50 5.02 ± 0.06 134.6 2.53 ± 0.13 68.59 ± 0.23 0.95 ± 0.24 174.9 ± 9.80 5.25 ± 0.00 0.81 ± 0.09 60 ± 0.00 0.67 ± 0.07
Richoco 0.69 8.2 0.19 37.27 NA NA 0.1 187.5 4.5 1.35 18 1.13
Moi-moi 7.8 ± 0.30 15.2 ± 0.37 3.0 ± 0.18 119.3 1.0 ± 0.09 71.1 ± 0.46 2.0 ± 0.35 93.8 ± 7.71 7.3 ± 0.00 0.4 ± 0.04 40 ± 0.01 0.8 ± 0.06
aBread 8.4 48.4 1.8 243.4 1.9 36.5 3.1 NA NA 1.2 28 0.6
aEgg 12.6 0.7 9.5 138.7 1.1 76.2 NA 152 NA 1.7 53 1.23
aMilk 3.5 4.8 1.6 47.6 1 89.3 NA 33 1.5 0.05 120 0.39
 Rice & beans 8.24 ± 0.49 12.90 ± 0.09 3.99 ± 0.04 120.4 0.72 ± 0.27 69.95 ± 0.16 4.20 ± 0.57 36.2 ± 0.71 5.02 ± 0.00 0.50 ± 0.13 40 ± 0.01 1.22 ± 0.04
aSoya bean milk 3.4 1 1.5 41.5 1 93 0.4 NA NA 0.6 12 NA
  1. Moi-moi Steamed cowpea pudding, Pap Maize paste prepared in hot water, Richoco Cocoa powder from Cadbury, NA Not Available
  2. aValues were obtained from West African food Composition Table (2012) CHO = carbohydrate Calc = calcium Okpa = Steamed Bambara groundnut pudding