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Table 1 Background characteristics of respondent in Rayitu District, 2013

From: Determinants of malnutrition among pregnant and lactating women under humanitarian setting in Ethiopia

Variables Frequency (Percentage) P value
Malnourished (MUAC< 21 cm) Normal (MUAC ≥21 cm)
Age of Mothers/Caretakers
 15–20 yrs 40(18.78) 191(28.21) 0.105
 21–25 yrs 71 (33.33) 179(26.44)  
 26–30 yrs 67(31.46) 202(29.84)  
 31–35 yrs 24(11.27) 68(10.04  
 36–40 yrs 9(4.23) 33(4.87)  
 41–45 yrs 2(0.94) 4(0.59)  
Mothers education status
 Illiterate 195(90.28) 601(87.87) 0.334
 literate 21(9.72) 83(12.13)  
Mothers marital status
 Single 5(2.42) 23(3.44) 0.465
 Married 202(97.58) 646(96.56)  
Mothers Occupation
 Pastoralist 93(44.08) 191(28.17) < 0.001
 Farmer 17(8.06) 41(6.05)  
 Housewife 101(47.87) 446(65.78)  
Mothers ethnicity
 Oromo 213(99.07) 680(99.71) 0.222
Mothers Religion
 Muslim 214(100) 671(99.26) 0.207
Annual income of the household
 Below the mean(< 8770 Birr)a 132(71.74) 382(60.83) 0.007
 Above the mean(≥8770 Birr) 52(28.26) 246(39.17)  
Family size
  ≤ 2 1(0.47) 5(0.80) 0.841
 3–5 117(54.93) 324(51.76)  
 6–9 85(39.91) 267(42.65)  
  ≥ 10 10(4.69) 30(4.79)  
  1. aExchange rate I USD = 20.1 Ethiopian birr (ETB)