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Table 6 Summary of 24-HDR and their characteristics

From: A systematic review of methods to assess intake of saturated fat (SF) among healthy European adults and children: a DEDIPAC (Determinants of Diet and Physical Activity) study

  Population Purpose Method of admin Structure Prompts Portion size
 EPIC [25, 73] Adults
30–70 years
Provide comparable food consumption data between several European countries Computerised, face-to-face interview 1. ‘Quick list’ Chronological entry of all foods and recipes consumed during day
2. Foods are entered per meal
3. Each ‘quick list’ item is described and quantified
Program mediated
Checklist of foods which are easily forgotten is displayed on screen
6 quantification methods including photos (2–6 portion sizes), shapes, household
measurements, standard units, standard portions, volume method. If the portion size estimation methods is unknown this can be entered by the interviewer
 Van Diepen et al. [54] Adults/Students
Age range not reported
Examine relationship between Mediterranean diet and obesity Not reported Not reported Not reported Not reported
 HELENA [58, 67, 80] Adolescents
13–17 years
Assess food and nutrient intake Computerised, self-administered Divided into 6 meal occasions. For each occasion the user selects all food and beverages consumed from a standardised food list. Foods and beverages which are not included in the list can be added Yes
Program mediated
When appropriate, a text box appears on the screen probing for food items which are often eaten in combination with other items (for example, chips, ‘Don’t forget mayonnaise/ ketchup etc.!’) When extreme amounts are entered; a warning is given i.e. zero values are not accepted.
At the end of the 24-h recall, the program checks entries for occurrence of fruit, vegetables and sweets. If one of these items has not been entered, the adolescent is asked whether it really was not consumed
Information on quantities was gathered by using household measurements or pictures of portion sizes
 EYHS [60] Children
9 years
15 years
personal, environmental, and lifestyle influences on cardiovascular risk factors
Face-to-face interview A qualitative 1-day record completed at home with help from parents if needed
A face-to-face interactive 24-HDR interview was performed on the following day
Differences between the interview data and the record data were discussed with the participant Estimated
Portion size was estimated using pictures of portion sizes
 IDEFICS SACINA [61] Children
2–9 years (parents or guardians as proxies)
Determine the aetiology of overweight, obesity and related disorders Computerised, face-to-face interview
Hungary: self-admin. 24-HDR at home
6 meal occasions Yes
Program mediated
  1. SACINA Self-Administered Children and Infants Nutrition Assessment, EPIC European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, HELENA Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence, EYHS European Youth Heart Study, IDEFICS Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS