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Table 2 Micronutrients provided in multiple micronutrient powder (MNP), in comparison to World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization (WHO/FAO) Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI)a,b

From: Comparison of two forms of daily preventive zinc supplementation versus therapeutic zinc supplementation for diarrhea on young children’s physical growth and risk of infection: study design and rationale for a randomized controlled trial

Nutrient Chemical Form Unit PrevZn-MNP (1 g) WHO/FAO RNI (6–11 mo) WHO/FAO RNI (12–23 mo)
Vitamin A Retinol acetate μg RE 400 400 400
Thiamin (B1) Thiamin mononitrate mg 0.5 0.3 0.5
Riboflavin (B2) Riboflavin mg 0.5 0.4 0.5
Niacin (B3) Niacinamide mg 6 4 6
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine hydrochloride mg 0.5 0.3 0.5
Folic acid (B9) USP μg DFE 150 80 150
Vitamin B12 Cyanocobalamin, USP μg 0.9 0.7 0.9
Vitamin C Ascorbic acid mg 30 30 30
Vitamin D Cholecalciferol (D3) μg 5 5 5
Vitamin E dl-α-tocopheryl acetate mg TE 5 2.7 5
Copper Copper sulfate, anhydrous mg 0.56 ---c ---c
Iodine Potassium iodate μg 90 90 90
Iron Ferrous fumarate mg 6 6.2–18.6d 3.9–11.6d
Selenium Selenium selenite μg 17 10 17
Zinc Zinc gluconate mg 10 2.5–8.4e 2.4–8.3e
  1. aDFE dietary folate equivalent, PrevZn-MNP preventive zinc multiple micronutrient powder, RE retinol equivalent, RNI recommended nutrient intake, TE tocopheryl equivalents, bWHO/FAO requirements are from World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization (2004), cNo WHO/FAO RNI; dWHO/FAO RNI are shown for diets with varying assumptions regarding bioavailability (15–5%); eWHO/FAO RNI are shown for diets with varying levels of bioavailability (high – low)