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Table 3 Bivariate analysis that shows independent variables of anemia among children in Damot Sore district, Southern Ethiopia, from March to April 2017

From: Stunting and anemia among children 6–23 months old in Damot Sore district, Southern Ethiopia

Variables   Anemia status COR (95% C.I.) p
   Anemic Not anemic   
Characteristics Categories
Sex of the children Male 124 119 0.92(0.64–1.32) 0.67
  Female 124 110 1  
Age of the mother 15–24 years 44 40 1.30(0.75–2.26) 0.34
25–34 years 145 119 1.44(0.95–2.20) 0.09*
35-49 years 59 70 1  
Age of the child 6–11 months 105 85 1.72((1.09–2.72) 0.19*
12-17 months 90 70 1.79(1.12–2.87) 0.02*
18-23 months 53 74 1  
Educational status of mother No formal education 166 141 1.26(0.87–1.84) 0.22*
  Formal education 82 88 1  
Educational status of father No formal education 126 112 1.09(0.75–1.56) 0.65
  Formal education 120 116 1  
Mother’s occupation Unemployed 241 218 1.74(0.66–4.56) 0.26
  Government/private employee 7 11 1  
Father’s occupation Unemployed 243 211 6.14(1.76–21.37) 0.01*
  Government/private employee 3 16 1  
Total number of family size within household Greater than 5 134 124 0.99(0.69–1.43) 0.98
  Less than or equal to 5 114 105 1  
Number of under five children within household More than one child 137 103 1.51(1.05–2.17) 0.03*
  One child 111 126 1  
Wealth Low 103 98 0.99(0.67–1.46) 0.96
Middle 40 32 1.18(0.68–2.02) 0.55
High 105 99 1  
Introduction time of complementary feeding Earlier than 6 months 142 81 2.45(1.69–3.54) 0.001*
  Just at 6 months 106 148 1  
Breast feeding practice of mother No 80 33 2.99(1.89–4.74) 0.001*
  Yes 148 183 1  
Source of drinking water Unprotected well 179 172 1.84(0.90–3.75) 0.09*
Protected well/spring 56 34 2.91(1.31–6.50) 0.01*
Piped inside compound 13 23 1  
Toilet No facility/bush/field 9 3 2.84(0.76–10.61) 0.12*
  Have latrine 239 226 1  
Utilization of insecticide treated bed net (ITN) No 24 21 1.08(0.58–1.99) 0.81
  Yes 208 196 1  
Having diarrhoea Yes 97 66 0.97(0.55–1.70) 0.91
  No 44 29 1  
Having malaria Yes 10 11 0.83(0.34–1.99) 0.68
  No 238 218 1  
Dietary diversity score Poor 190 123 2.82(1.90–4.18) 0.001*
  Good 58 106 1  
Growth monitoring and promotion service utilization No 239 209 2.54(1.13–5.70) 0.02*
  Yes 9 20 1  
Stunting Stunted(<-2SD) 106 45 3.05(2.02–4.60) 0.001*
  Not stunted (≥-2SD) 142 184 1  
  1. *variables with p < 0.25