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Table 4 The table shows HOMA-IR values for the groups “eating as recommended” and “not eating as recommended” for the seven food groups

From: Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and body fat (%) are associated to low intake of fruit and vegetables in Swedish, young adults: the cross-sectional lifestyle, biomarkers and atherosclerosis study

Group Food type HOMA-IR HOMA-IR P value
   Subjects eating as recommended Subjects not eating as recommended  
1 Bread 1.75 (n = 89) 1.82 (n = 717) P = 0.553
2 Fish and seafood 1.55 (n = 93) 1.79 (n = 713) P = 0.036
3 Fruit and vegetables 1.48 (n = 125) 1.81 (n = 681) P = 0.001
4 Fat 1.75 (n = 247) 1.78 (n = 542) P = 0.636
5 Cheese (20–40%) 1.77 (n = 304) 1.76 (n = 502) P = 0.274
  Sweets 1.64 (n = 330) 1.85 (n = 476) P = 0.039
7 Fast food 1.75 (n = 722) 1.88 (n = 84) P = 0.246
  1. Clarification: The group named “sweets” includes candy, buns, soft drinks and French fries
  2. Significance level was set to P < 0.05, significant P values are marked bold