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Table 4 Factors associated with stunting in Sodo Zuria district, South Ethiopia, June 2017

From: Predictors of stunting among children 6–59 months of age in Sodo Zuria District, South Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Variables (n = 342) Stunting COR AOR
Yes No (95% CI) (95% CI)
Child sex     
 Male 30 148 1 1
 Female 55 109 1.6 (1.2–2.2) 2.8 (1.5–5.3)*
Child age     
 6–11 months 4 28 1 1
 12–23 months 20 52 3.8 (2.1–7.2) 7.1 (2.3–21.9)*
 24–35 months 22 55 4.2 (2.2–8.1) 6.4 (2.1–19.2)*
 36–47 months 21 56 3.8 (2.1–7.0) 3.1 (1.1–9.1)*
 48–59 months 18 66 2.6 (1.2–4.7) 2.8 (0.9–7.8)
Educational status of mothers     
 Can’t read and write 55 169 1  
 Read and write 3 4 0.6 (0.2–1.6)  
 Primary education (1–8) 19 71 0.7 (0.5–0.9)  
 Secondary education (9–12) 4 5 0.9 (0.4–2.0)  
 Above secondary 4 8 0.3 (0.1–0.7)  
Monthly income of the household     
 <750 ETB 55 203 1 1
 750–1500 ETB 25 43 0.5 (0.3–0.7) 0.2 (0.1–0.5)*
 >1500 ETB 3 13 0.2 (0.1–0.4) 0.1 (0.3–0.5)*
Gestational age at birth     
 <9 months 10 4 1  
 At 9 months 44 185 0.1 (0.3–1.2)  
 After 9 months 31 68 0.4 (0.2–0.8)  
Use of family planning     
 Yes 41 129 1 1
 No 42 130 1.4 (0.8–2.2) 2.5 (1.1–5.7)*
Distance to obtain drinking water     
 <15 min’ walk 61 184 1  
 15–30 min’ walk 20 64 0.7 (0.5–0.9)  
 >30 min’ walk 4 9 0.5 (0.2–1.1)  
Diarrheal morbidity in the last 2 weeks     
 Yes 60 193 2.0 (1.4–2.7) 2.5 (1.2–5.3)*
 No 25 64 1 1
 Family size     
 <5 14 140 1  
 ≥5 71 117 1.8 (1.4–2.4)  
Pre-lacteal feeding     
 Yes 75 226 1.2 (0.8–1.9) 3.8 (1.2–12.2)*
 No 10 31 1 1
  1. *Significant at p < 0.05 for AOR