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Table 2 Logistic regression of anaemia on socio-demographic characteristics in pregnant women [N = 409]

From: Prevalence and associated risk factors of anaemia among women attending antenatal and post-natal clinics at a public health facility in Ghana

VariablesAnaemia statusCOR (95% CI)p-value
Age groupNormal n(%)Anaemic n(%)  
 40+10 (4)4 (3)Ref. 
 30–39106 (39)32 (24)0.71 (0.22, 2.29)0.57
 20–29127 (46)81 (61)1.49 (0.48, 4.66)0.49
  < 2032 (11)17 (12)1.25 (0.36, 4.37)0.72
Marital status
 Single40 (15)28 (21)Ref. 
 Married235 (85)106 (79)0.64 (0.38, 1.10)0.11
Religion
 Christian235 (86)111 (83)Ref. 
 Muslim40 (14)23 (17)1.22 (0.70, 2.13)0.49
Ethnicity
 Ewe195 (71)96 (72)  
 Other (Guan and Akan)80 (29)38 (28)0.96 (0.61, 1.52)0.88
Occupation
 Unemployed65 (24)37 (28)Ref. 
 Civil servant27 (10)10 (8)0.65 (0.28, 1.49)0.31
 Farming11 (4)4 (2)0.63 (0.19, 2.15)0.47
 Trading172 (62)83 (62)0.83 (0.50, 1.41)0.51
Gravidity
 1–2142 (52)77 (58)Ref. 
 3–5120 (44)48 (36)0.74 (0.48, 1.14) 
 6+13 (4)9 (6)1.28 (0.52, 3.12)0.59
Parity
 None92 (34)52 (39)Ref. 
 1–2116 (42.2)52 (39)0.79 (0.49, 1.27)0.34
 3+67 (24.4)30 (22)0.79 (0.46, 1.37)0.41
Blood film
 Negative4 (1)3 (2)Ref. 
 Positive271 (99)131 (98)1.61 (0.39, 6.59)0.57
Gestational Age
 1st trimester40 (15)18 (13)Ref. 
 2nd trimester23 (8)14 (11)1.35 (0.57, 3.22)0.49
 3rd trimester212 (77)102 (76)1.06 (0.58, 1.96)0.82
Iron and folic acid supplementation during pregnancy
 No37 (13)19 (14)Ref. 
 Yes238 (87)115 (86)0.94 (0.52, 1.71)0.84