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Table 3 Absolute and relative daily energy and macronutrient intake of the study population calculated from a 3-day dietary record

From: Characterization, dietary habits and nutritional intake of omnivorous, lacto-ovo vegetarian and vegan runners – a pilot study

Nutrient intakeOMN
(n = 27)
p value
OMN-LOV
LOV
(n = 25)
p value
LOV-VEG
VEG
(n = 27)
p value
OMN-VEG
p value
3 groups
Reference values (m/f)*
Energy
 Energy intake (MJ)10.4 (8.70, 12.1)9.67 (8.55, 10.8)10.2 (9.12, 11.3)0.989b11.9–12.3/9.41–9.83
Macronutrients
 Carbohydrate (EN%)46.7 (43.6, 49.8)0.824c49.4 (45.5, 53.3)0.067c55.2 (51.4, 59.0)0.002c0.003a>  50
 Carbohydrate (g/kg BW)4.31 (3.45, 5.17)1.000c4.22 (3.52, 4.91)0.094c5.01 (4.40, 5.62)0.111c0.049b 
 Protein (EN%)16.7 (15.1, 18.9)0.540c15.9 (13.6, 18.2)0.295c13.8 (12.5, 15.0)0.007c0.009b 
 Protein (g/kg BW)1.50 (1.27, 1.66)0.159c1.34 (1.09, 1.56)1.000c1.25 (1.07, 1.42)0.063c0.047b0.8
 Fat (EN%)32.5 (30.5, 34.5)0.432c30.8 (26.8, 34.8)0.708c26.3 (22.7, 29.8)0.021c0.026b30
 Fiber (g)27.0 (22.8, 31.1)0.176c33.4 (28.6, 38.2)0.006c51.7 (44.1, 59.4)0.000c0.000b≥ 30
  1. OMN omnivores, LOV lacto-ovo vegetarians, VEG vegans, MJ mega joule, EN% energy percent, BW body weight, *Reference values of the German, Austrian and Swiss Nutrition Societies (Deutsche, Österreichische und Schweizerische Gesellschaften für Ernährung, D-A-CH) [33]. Data are presented as mean (95% CI). aOne-way ANOVA, bKruskal Wallis test, cPost hoc test, p-values ​​in bold represent statistical significance