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Table 1 Sample characteristic and outcomes of interest

From: Diet quality is associated with malnutrition and low calf circumference in Canadian long-term care residents

Resident CharacteristicsMean (SD)
Age, years86.8 (7.8)
Sex, male (%)31.2
Moderate/severe cognitive impairment, (CPSa score ≥ 3), yes (%)55.5
Ed-FED-Q Scorea12.4 (2.3)
Other eating behaviors Score (maximum = 27)a10.6 (1.6)
Activity of daily living Scalea15.0 (7.8)
Physical assistance (sometimes or often) with eating requireda (%)22.9
Total number of diagnoses5.4 (2.0)
Any ONS prescribed, yes (%)30.5
MTD (IDDSI category 3–5), yes (%)33.0
Outcome variables
 CC, cm33.3 (4.8)
 CC < 31cmb (%)32.6
 MNA-SF10.7 (2.5)
  Malnourished/At risk of malnutrition (MNA-SF < 12) (%)53.3
 PG-SGA (Malnutrition = B/C) (%)43.5
  1. aMissing values; Ed-FED-Q, n = 616; Other eating behaviors score, n = 616; Activity of daily living score, n = 614; Physical Assistance, n = 616
  2. bAs per Mini Nutritional Assessment cut-point (MNA) [31]