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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the patients

From: Association between delivery methods for enteral nutrition and physical status among older adults

 Nasogastric
(n = 138)
PEG
(n = 43)
P
Age (years)82 [78, 87]84 [76, 88]0.78
Female55 (39.9)17 (39.5)0.97
BMI < 18.5a32 (35.2)14 (45.2)0.32
Diagnosis
 Stroke/neurological diseases61 (44.2)24 (55.8)0.09
 Respiratory diseases27 (19.6)12 (27.9)
 Malignancy21 (15.2)4 (9.3)
 Others29 (21.0)3 (7.0)
Dementia26 (18.8)6 (14.0)0.46
Updated Charlson Comorbidity Index
 0–2122 (88.4)39 (90.7)0.44
 3–510 (7.3)1 (2.3)
  ≥ 66 (4.4)3 (7.0)
Serum albumin (mg/dL) b
  < 2.531 (22.5)4 (9.3)0.06
Severity (A score)c
  < 267 (48.6)20 (46.5)0.82
  ≥ 271 (51.5)23 (53.5)
Physical function (B score) d
  < 717 (12.3)13 (30.2)< 0.01*
 7–9121 (87.7)30 (69.8)
Received physical restraints86 (62.3)27 (62.8)0.96
Received physical therapy133 (96.4)40 (93.0)0.40
Daily intake of enteral nutrition (kcal)1065 [809, 1200]900 [645, 1107]0.03*
Estimated energy requirement (kcal)a1536 [1320, 1714]1284 [1135, 1699]< 0.01*
Geriatric nutritional risk indexe80 [71, 87]80 [75, 85]0.78
  1. Data are presented as number (%) except for age, daily intake of enteral nutrition, estimated energy requirement, and Geriatric nutritional risk index, which are presented as median [interquartile range]
  2. *P < 0.05
  3. a33% missing
  4. b5% missing
  5. cA score of ≥2 means severe disease
  6. dB score of 7–9 means moderately dependent, whereas B score of 0-6 means less dependent
  7. e35% missing