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Table 2 Affirmative responses to items on the Household Food Insecurity Access in rural Wolaita area, Ethiopia (N = 473)

From: Performance of an adapted household food insecurity access scale in measuring seasonality in household food insecurity in rural Ethiopia: a cohort analysis

Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) questions Data collection times
June 2017 (Round 1) pre Sept. 2017 (Round 2) post Dec. 2017 (Round 3) post March 2018 (Round 4) pre
# (%) # (%) # (%) # (%)
Q1. Worry for food 356 (75.3) 307 (64.9) 286 (60.5) 409 (86.5)
Q2. Unable to eat preferred foods 314 (66.4) 280 (59.2) 282 (59.6) 367 (77.6)
Q3. Eat a limited variety of foods 303 (64.1) 252 (53.3) 262 (55.4) 358 (75.7)a
Q4. Eat foods that you did not want 292 (61.7) 233 (49.3) 298 (63.0)a 359 (75.9)a
Q5. Eat a smaller meal 279 (59.0) 194 (41.0) 179 (37.8)a 352 (74.4)
Q6. Eat fewer meals in a day 230 (48.6) 184 (38.9) 215 (45.5)a 292 (61.7)
Q7. No food to eat of any kind 97 (20.5) 77 (16.3) 119 (25.2) 162 (34.2)
Q8. Go to sleep at night hungry 48 (10.1) 41 (8.7) 60 (12.7) 101 (21.4)
Q9. Go day and night without eating 43 (9.1) 28 (5.9) 38 (8.0) 84 (17.8)
Overall prevalence of household food insecurity (95% CI) 71.0 (66.9–75.1) 61.1 s (56.7–65.5) 78.9 (75.2–82.6) 86.3 (83.1–-89.4)
  1. Q1 to Q9 are serial numbers of the items in the scale in order of severity
  2. CI confidence interval, Pre Pre-harvest, post Post-harvest
  3. aItems with deviations in affirmative responses