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Table 2 Subgroup prevalence of undernutrition among HIV positive adults in Ethiopia from 2006 to 2016 (n = 15)

From: Undernutrition among Ethiopian adults living with HIV: a meta-analysis

VariablesSubgroupNo. of studiesEventNProportion (95%CI)I2 (%)P-value
Geographical settingsNorthern and Central Ethiopia7677241727 (21, 33)91.93< 0.001
Southern Ethiopia8725322525 (19, 31)93.70< 0.001
Type of hospitalReferral hospitals8775278529 (23, 34)91.35< 0.001
Other than referral hospitals7627285723 (17, 29)93.83< 0.001
CD4 count<  200 cells/mm3623261843 (28, 56)93.2< 0.001
≥ 200 cells/mm36360164424 (14, 33)96.1< 0.001
WHO stageWHO stage I and II5202136615 (11, 18)68.650.01
WHO stage III and IV5375116334 (18, 50)97.25< 0.001
DiarrheaYes315732448 (43, 54)0.000.82
No315967428 (14, 41)93.88< 0.001
ResidenceUrban6370181222 (16, 29)90.81< 0.001
Rural611434733 (22, 41)72.07< 0.001
AnemiaYes424048149 (41, 57)66.840.03
No417475125 (16, 34)85.92< 0.001
Dietary diversityAdequate (≥4)36945118 (6, 30)89.71< 0.001
Inadequate (< 4)316950542 (4, 81)99.00< 0.001