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Table 1 Descriptive Statistics

From: The association between dietary consumption, anthropometric measures and body composition of rural and urban Ghanaian adults: a comparative cross-sectional study

DESCRIPTIVE VARIABLESTotal
N = 565
STATISTICS AND BALANCE CHECK
RURAL
n = 292
URBAN
n = 272
P-VALUE
n(%)or
Median (IQR)
n(%)or
Median (IQR)
Age40 (26)40 (26)38 (26)0.737
Gender
 Male113 (19.8)43 (14.7)70 (25.7)0.001*
 Female452 (79.2)249 (85.3)202 (74.3) 
Level of Education
 No formal education98 (17.2)60 (21.4)38 (16.7)< 0.001*
 Primary50 (8.8)27 (9.6)23 (10.1) 
 Junior secondary176 (30.8)120 (42.9)56 (24.7) 
 Senior secondary132 (23.1)64 (22.9)66 (29.1) 
 Tertiary53 (9.3)9 (3.2)44 (19.4) 
 Weight (kg)65.9 (20.2)62.4 (18.3)69.9 (20.65)< 0.001*
 Height (cm)159.3 (9.83)158.0 (8.60)160.5 (11.2)< 0.001*
 BMI (kg/m2)25.6 (7.40)25.0 (6.7)26.1 (7.65)0.016*
 Waist circumference (cm)87.4 (19.80)87.0 (17.55)89.0 (22.0)0.115
 Muscle mass26.9 (6.13)26.8 (5.05)27.0 (6.95)0.526
 Body fat35.7 (15.22)35.2 (14.33)36.9 (16.35)0.341
 Visceral fat7.0 (4.0)7.0 (4.0))7.0 (5.0)0.015*
 Energy intake (Kcal)1434.0 (951.1)1601.4 (999.04)1330.7 (899.84)0.004*
 Fat (g)42.5 (44.08)44.2 (50.8)41.0 (39.2)0.781
 Protein (g)42.6 (32.5)42.6 (32.7)42.9 (33.06)0.838
 Carbohydrate (g)208.0((137.0)223.5 (128.8)187.9 (137.6)0.001*
 Fibre (g)18.3 (13.3)20.0 (13.8)16.9 (13.5)0.001*
 Sugar (g)29.6 (41.4)28.0 (35.6)33.9 (50.04)0.242
 Folate (μg)225.6 (240)234 (241.2)216.4 (237.0)0.222
 Iron (mg)9.2 (6.6)9.5 (6.33)8.8 (6.8)0.569
 Zinc (mg)5.92 (4.7)6.1 (4.9)5.7 (4.7)0.860
 Vitamin B12 (μg)1.76 (3.2)1.92 (3.81)1.73 (2.64)0.296
 Vitamin A (μg)120.6 (139.8)111.2 (121.6)128.8 (165.3)0.022*
 Vitamin E (mg)5.6 (6.4)5.6 (6.4)5.5 (6.3)0.658
 Saturated fat (g)12.2 (15.3)11.1 (15.8)13.1 (14.6)0.143
 Monounsaturated fat (g)14.7 (18.3)14.8 (20.33)14.7 (17.0)0.930
 Polyunsaturated fat (g)7.9 (8.4)8.37 (9.17)7.3 (7.7)0.285
 Dietary diversity score6.0 (2.01)6 (3)6 (2.01)0.118
 Physical activity (total metabolic equivalent per week)600 (3280)960 (4360)360 (1890)< 0.001*
  1. Some variable responses were missing and therefore does not sum up to 565. Chi-square was used to analyze categorical variable. Mann Whitney U test was used to analyze continuous variable. *Significant at P-value < 0.05