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Table 2 Prevalence of obesity stratified by community and gender

From: The association between dietary consumption, anthropometric measures and body composition of rural and urban Ghanaian adults: a comparative cross-sectional study

VariableTotalRural n = 292Urban n = 272p-valueMale
n = 113
Female n = 452P-value
BMI
 Underweight9 (1.6)5 (1.7)4 (1.5)0.1050 (0)9 (2.0) 
 Normal247 (43.3)140 (48.3)104 (39.4) 74 (67.3)171 (38.4)< 0.001*
 Overweight171 (29.9)87 (30.0)83 (31.4) 25 (25.7)145 (32.6) 
 Obese131 (22.9)58 (20.0)73 (27.7) 11 (10.0)120 (27.0) 
Visceral fat
 Normal434 (76.0)246 (85.1)184 (71.0)< 0.001*84 (77.1)347 (78.9)0.385
 Obese118 (20.7)43 (14.9)75 (29.0) 25 (22.9)93 (21.1) 
Body fat
 Underweight48 (8.4)29 (10.0)19 (7.3)0.023*22 (20)26 (5.9) 
 Normal198 (34.7)117 (40.3)80 (30.8) 49 (44.5)149 (33.8)< 0.001*
 Overweight130 (22.8)66 (22.8)64 (24.6) 20 (18.2)110 (24.9) 
 Obese175 (30.6)78 (26.9)97 (37.3) 19 (17.3)156 (35.4) 
Waist circumference
 Normal171 (29.9)95 (33.3)76 (33.0)0.97681 (79.4)90 (21.8)< 0.001*
 Overweight107 (18.7)60 (21.1)47 (20.4) 9 (8.8)98 (23.7) 
 Obese237 (41.5)130 (45.6)107 (46.5) 12 (11.8)225 (54.5) 
  1. Some variable measurements were missing and may therefore not sum up to 565. Chi square used to find differences by community and gender. *Significant at p-value < 0.05. Fisher Exact Test was used to ran the analysis for cell with counts less than 5