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Table 5 Comparing individual physical fitness scores by BMI status and their correlations

From: Relationship between breakfast consumption, BMI status and physical fitness of Ghanaian school-aged children

  Thinness Normal Overweight/obese P-value BMI z-score
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD   Correlation P value
Hand grip (kg) 3.0 ± 1.9a 4.3 ± 2.1b 5.0 ± 2.1c 0.006* 0.21 < 0.001
Forward jump (cm) 3.6 ± 2.4 4.6 ± 2.3 4.5 ± 1.7 0.235 0.06 0.199
Sit ups (s) 4.1 ± 2.0 3.7 ± 2.0 3.2 ± 1.9 0.105 −0.11 0.027
Flexibility (cm) 1.0 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.7 1.1 ± 0.4 0.235 −0.02 0.575
50 m run (s) 4.9 ± 2.7 6.5 ± 2.5 5.6 ± 2.3 0.088 −0.05 0.292
Total physical activity score 16.1 ± 8.5 20.3 ± 7.4 19.6 ± 5.9 0.445 0.03 0.565
  1. Partial correlations are controlled for age. Correlations between fitness scores and MUAC were all not significant and not presented