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Table 5 Prevalence of undiagnosed NCD in adults of 18 years old and above (Source: data for NHMS III (2006), NHMS IV (2011) and NHMS V (2015) from Institute of Public Health [20, 22, 28] and for NHMS I (1986) and II (1996) from Ahmad [2])

From: The nutrition transition in Malaysia; key drivers and recommendations for improved health outcomes

  NHMS I (1986) % NHMS II (1996) % NHMS III (2006) % NHMS IV (2011) % NHMS V (2015) %
Undiagnosed Diabetes * 1.8a 1.8b 4.5 8.0 9.1
Undiagnosed Hypertension** n/a n/a 23.9 19.8 17.2
Undiagnosed Hypercholesterolaemia*** n/a n/a 18.4 26.6 38.5
  1. Note: Prevalences are for adults of 18 years old and above except for “a” (≥ 35 yrs) and “b” (≥30 yrs); * respondent was not known to have diabetes and had a fasting capillary blood glucose (FBG) of ≥6.1 mmol/L or more (or non-fasting blood glucose of ≥11.1 mmol/L); ** respondent was not known to have hypertension and had a systolic blood pressure of ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure of ≥90 mmHg; *** respondent was not known to have hypercholesterolaemia and had a total blood cholesterol of ≥5.2 mmol/L