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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants

From: Effect of a nutrition education programme on the metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at a level 5 Hospital in Kenya: “a randomized controlled trial”

Parameter   NEP NE C P Value
Mean ± SD or n (%) Mean ± SD or n (%) Mean ± SD or n (%)
Age in yearsa   57.0 ± 10.88 55.0 ± 12.34 56.0 ± 11.97 0.76
YLWDa   6.0 ± 7.10 7.0 ± 6.93 7.0 ± 6.63 0.63
Genderb Male 17(33.3) 24(47.1) 21(41.2) 0.37
Female 34(66.7) 27(52.9) 30(58.8)  
Maritalbstatus Married 45(88.2) 43(84.3) 41(80.4) 0.53
Divorced/separated/windowed 6(11.8) 8(15.7) 10(19.6)  
Incomeb < 1000 26 (51.0 21 (41.2) 25 (49.0) 0.17
  1001–5000 13 (25.5) 7 (13.7) 12(23.5)  
  5001–10,000 5 (9.8) 9 (17.6) 9 (17.6)  
  > 10,000 7 (13.7) 14 (27.5) 5(9.8)  
Occupationb Formal employment 2(3.9) 1(2.0) 3(5.9) 0.75
  Casual employment 1(2.0) 4(7.8) 5(9.8)  
  Farming 22(43.1) 21(41.2) 20(39.2)  
  Business 15(29.4) 18(35.3) 15(29.4)  
  Unemployed 11(21.6) 7(13.7) 8(15.7)  
Complicationb Foot disease 5(9.8) 7(13.7) 5(9.8) 0.77
  Eye problem 13(25.5) 12(23.5) 11(21.6) 0.88
  Kidney problem 0(0) 2(3.9) 0(3.9) 0.11
  Neuropathy 1(2.0) 0(0) 3(5.9) 0.11
  Arthritis 6 (11.8) 7(13.7) 5(9.8) 0.83
FHDb Yes 28 (54.9) 22(43.1) 21(41.2) 0.32
No 23 (45.1) 29(56.9) 30(58.8)  
Medicaltionb Oral 45 (29.4) 37 (25.2) 44(28.8) 0.08
  Insulin 9 (5.9) 6(3.9) 4(2.6) 0.32
  Oral plus insulin 2 (1.3) 3 (2.0) 3 (2.0) 0.88
  1. a data presented as mean ± SD
  2. bData presented as proportion (n) and percentages%
  3. Statically significance at p<0.05; chi (x2) square test
  4. n for all the groups (NEP, NE and C) =51
  5. YLWD- years lived with diabetes
  6. FHD – family history of diabetes