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Table 6 Odds ratios and 95% confidence interval of type of poverty on stunting and underweight among children in states of India, 2015–16

From: Malnutrition and poverty in India: does the use of public distribution system matter?

States/Union Territory Stunting Underweight
Real Poor Excluded Poor Privileged Non-Poor Real Poor Excluded Poor Privileged Non-Poor
Andhra Pradesh 1.16 (0.79,1.71) 0.85 (0.42,1.72) 1.00 (0.76,1.31) 1.12 (0.77,1.64) 1.44 (0.73,2.82) 0.98 (0.75,1.28)
Arunachal Pradesh 1.14 (0.92,1.41) 1.21* (0.96,1.52) 0.98 (0.80,1.22) 1.83*** (1.40,2.39) 1.94*** (1.47,2.56) 1.23 (0.94,1.61)
Assam 1.36*** (1.16,1.59) 1.51*** (1.29,1.76) 1.08 (0.92,1.26) 1.11 (0.93,1.33) 1.39*** (1.18,1.64) 0.92 (0.77,1.09)
Bihar 1.63***(1.50,1.77) 1.61***(1.46,1.77) 1.26***(1.17,1.36) 1.35***(1.24,1.46) 1.43***(1.30,1.57) 1.17***(1.09,1.26)
Chhattisgarh 1.33*** (1.12,1.57) 0.86 (0.67,1.10) 1.22** (1.05,1.42) 1.33*** (1.12,1.58) 1.05 (0.82,1.34) 1.11 (0.95,1.30)
Gujarat 1.78*** (1.51,2.12) 1.50*** (1.26,1.79) 1.42*** (1.22,1.66) 1.64*** (1.39,1.94) 1.55*** (1.3,1.84) 1.32*** (1.13,1.53)
Haryana 1.30** (1,1.69) 1.47*** (1.21,1.78) 1.19** (1.03,1.37) 1.09 (0.84,1.41) 1.21* (1.00,1.47) 1.11 (0.96,1.28)
Himachal Pradesh 1.44 (0.95,2.18) 1.92*** (1.39,2.65) 1.21 (0.95,1.54) 1.47* (0.95,2.28) 1.17 (0.82,1.67) 1.31** (1.02,1.69)
Jammu & Kashmir 1.39*** (1.13,1.72) 1.44***(1.16,1.80) 1.19** (1.01,1.41) 1.41***(1.12,1.78) 1.46***(1.14,1.87) 1.07 (0.88,1.31)
Jharkhand 1.34***(1.18,1.53) 1.36*** (1.19,1.54) 1.23*** (1.09,1.38) 1.39*** (1.22,1.58) 1.36*** (1.20,1.54) 1.20***(1.07,1.35)
Karnataka 1.48***(1.21,1.80) 1.55***(1.13,2.12) 1.10 (0.94,1.28) 1.36***(1.11,1.66) 1.72***(1.26,2.36) 1.04 (0.89,1.21)
Kerala 1.48 (0.90,2.41) 1.57*(0.95,2.58) 1.28 (0.99,1.66) 1.49 (0.90,2.47) 1.54 (0.92,2.58) 1.30 (0.99,1.70)
Madhya Pradesh 1.33***(1.21,1.45) 1.34***(1.22,1.47) 1.12** (1.03,1.21) 1.37***(1.25,1.50) 1.32***(1.20,1.44) 1.07*(0.99,1.17)
Maharashtra 1.20** (1.01,1.42) 1.23***(1.05,1.44) 1.16** (1.02,1.31) 1.47***(1.24,1.74) 1.36***(1.17,1.59) 1.16** (1.03,1.32)
Manipur 1.57*** (1.25,1.98) 1.45*** (1.23,1.71) 1.25* (0.97,1.60) 1.74*** (1.31,2.32) 1.33*** (1.07,1.65) 1.20 (0.87,1.66)
Meghalaya 1.67***(1.25,2.23) 1.47***(1.23,1.76) 1.45***(1.16,1.81) 1.79***(1.34,2.39) 1.39***(1.15,1.67) 1.26 (0.99,1.59)
Mizoram 1.58*** (1.28,1.96) 1.44*** (1.17,1.79) 1.18 (0.94,1.48) 1.56*** (1.18,2.07) 1.54*** (1.17,2.03) 1.31* (0.97,1.77)
Nagaland 0.94 (0.57,1.53) 1.16 (0.90,1.49) 1.02 (0.85,1.23) 1.25 (0.73,2.16) 1.18 (0.88,1.58) 1.03 (0.82,1.28)
Delhi 1.61 (0.84,3.09) 1.49*(0.97,2.29) 1.20 (0.82,1.76) 0.84 (0.43,1.67) 1.17 (0.75,1.82) 0.89 (0.59,1.35)
Odisha 1.63***(1.42,1.87) 1.68***(1.47,1.92) 1.32*** (1.15,1.51) 1.58*** (1.38,1.82) 1.51*** (1.32,1.73) 1.19** (1.04,1.36)
Punjab 1.37 (0.8,2.34) 1.20 (0.93,1.54) 0.92 (0.74,1.14) 1.26 (0.72,2.22) 1.25*(0.96,1.61) 1.04 (0.83,1.30)
Rajasthan 1.32***(1.15,1.52) 1.24***(1.12,1.37) 1.01 (0.91,1.12) 1.54***(1.35,1.77) 1.35***(1.22,1.50) 1.07 (0.97,1.18)
Sikkim 1.35 (0.82,2.22) 1.04 (0.64,1.69) 1.21 (0.79,1.85) 2.03** (1.12,3.69) 0.93 (0.49,1.77) 1.39 (0.8,2.40)
Tamil Nadu 1.24 (0.94,1.64) 1.35*** (1.16,1.56) 1.24** (1.01,1.52) 1.36** (1.03,1.80) 1.30***(1.12,1.51) 0.98 (0.79,1.22)
Tripura 1.52 (0.9,2.55) 1.89***(1.20,2.97) 1.01 (0.64,1.58) 1.35 (0.81,2.27) 1.50 (0.95,2.36) 1.20 (0.78,1.83)
Uttar Pradesh 1.37***(1.26,1.48) 1.45***(1.36,1.54) 1.14***(1.06,1.22) 1.21***(1.12,1.31) 1.30***(1.22,1.37) 1.06 (0.98,1.13)
Uttarakhand 1.08 (0.85,1.36) 1.32** (1.06,1.64) 1.06 (0.91,1.24) 1.4***(1.10,1.78) 1.38***(1.10,1.73) 1.21** (1.03,1.42)
West Bengal 1.26** (1.02,1.55) 1.29** (1.05,1.59) 1.19*(0.99,1.44) 1.26** (1.02,1.55) 1.54***(1.25,1.89) 1.00 (0.83,1.22)
Telangana 1.68** (1.09,2.61) 0.87 (0.31,2.46) 1.16 (0.85,1.58) 1.72** (1.12,2.65) 1.83 (0.71,4.68) 1.28 (0.94,1.74)
  1. *Estimates are controlled for Age, sex, birth order, size at birth of the child, mothers education and BMI of the mother, number of children, place of residence, caste and religion of the household
  2. *** p < 0.01, ** p < .05, * p< 0.10
  3. Non-poor children is the Reference category