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Table 1 Prevalence and the percentage increase of anemia by socio-demographic factors in Ethiopia between 2011 and 2016

From: What factors are associated with the increase of anemia in Ethiopian children aged 6 to 59 months between 2011 and 2016?

Characteristic 2011 (n = 9800) 2016 (n = 9267) % increase
Frequency % Frequency %  
Age in months 6–8 351 61.3 428 78.0 27.2
9–11 364 72.7 377 76.3 4.9
12–17 624 62.6 815 72.1 15.2
18–23 470 52.2 584 65.5 25.5
24–35 936 45.4 1149 59.0 29.9
36–47 871 35.8 1030 51.0 42.5
48–59 719 30.8 894 40.0 29.9
Sex of child Male 2229 44.3 2757 57.3 29.4
Female 2107 44.2 2522 56.6 28.1
Residence Urban 401 35.2 462 49.3 40.1
Rural 3932 45.4 4815 57.8 27.3
Mother’s Education No education 2978 45.5 3442 58.2 27.9
Primary 1049 42.9 1331 56.8 32.4
Secondary 72 41.4 172 48.8 17.9
Above Secondary 37 30.1 88 49.9 65.8
Wealth quintile Lowest 1061 47.9 1467 67.8 41.5
Second 1038 47.6 1248 57.6 21.0
Middle 895 43.3 1033 52.6 21.4
Fourth 856 43.1 930 54.0 25.3
Highest 486 35.9 599 47.9 33.4
Region Tigray 248 37.5 328 53.6 42.9
Affar 71 74.7 68 74.8 0.1
Amhara 754 35.1 785 42.2 20.2
Oromiya 2171 51.7 2625 65.5 26.7
Somali 166 68.7 308 82.9 20.7
Ben-Gum* 52 46.5 41 42.5 −8.6
SNNPR* 779 36.9 996 50.0 35.5
Gambela 15 50.9 12 56.2 10.4
Harari 11 55.5 11 67.9 22.3
Dire Dawa 19 33.2 25 49.2 25.9
Addis Ababa 51 62.9 81 71.5 25.4
Total    44.2   56.9 28.7
  1. Calculation of % increase = (% in 2016 - % in 2011) / (% in 2011); * Ben-Gum Benishangul Gumuz region; *SNNP South Nations and Nationalities People’s region