Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with minimum dietary diversity among children aged 6–23 months

From: Determinants of infant and young complementary feeding practices among children 6–23 months of age in urban Pakistan: a multicenter longitudinal study

  Dietary diversity Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
No Yes Total OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
Breastfeeding
 Yes 52 (30.6) 118 (69.4) 170 3.93 (2.72–5.68) < 0.0001 1.4 (0.88–2.22) 0.158
 No 364 (63.4) 210 (36.6) 574 Ref   Ref  
Age
 6 months 155 (97.5) 4 (2.5) 159 Ref.   Ref  
 9 months 106 (67.5) 51 (32.5) 157 18.64 (6.52–53.13) < 0.0001 18.96 (6.63–54.19) < 0.0001
 12 months 76 (49.4) 78 (50.6) 154 39.77 (14.03–112.69) < 0.0001 40.25 (14.14–114.58) < 0.0001
 18 months 41 (29.1) 100 (70.9) 141 94.51 (32.84–271.98) < 0.0001 90.02 (30.84–262.77) < 0.0001
 24 months 38 (28.6) 95 (71.4) 133 96.87 (33.51–280.02) < 0.0001 82.14 (27.23–247.83) < 0.0001
Gender
 Female 211 (54.7) 175 (45.3) 386 1.11 (0.83–1.48) 0.476   
 Male 205 (57.3) 153 (42.7) 358 Ref.    
Maternal education
 ≤ 14 Years 225 (60.5) 147 (39.5) 372 Ref.   Ref.  
 > 14 Years 191 (51.3) 181 (48.7) 372 1.45 (1.08–1.94) 0.012 1.41 (0.96–2.07) 0.078
Mother’s age
 15–18 years 3 (60) 2 (40) 5 Ref.    
 19–34 years 373 (56.2) 290 (43.7) 663 1.16 (0.19–7.02) 0.867   
 ≥ 35 years 40 (52.6) 36 (47.4) 76 1.35 (0.21–8.54) 0.750   
Number of children
 First child 164 (56) 129 (44) 293 Ref.    
 < 2 135 (53.8) 116 (46.2) 251 1.09 (0.78–1.53) 0.609   
 ≥ 2 117 (58.5) 83 (41.5) 200 0.9 (0.63–1.30) 0.578   
Mother’s occupation
 Unemployed 356 (57.8) 260 (42.2) 616 Ref.   Ref.  
 Employed 60 (46.9) 68 (53.1) 128 1.55 (1.06–2.27) 0.024 1.54 (0.95–2.50) 0.081
Household income
 50,000–75,000 182 (59.1) 126 (40.9) 308 Ref.   Ref.  
 ≥ 75,000 234 (53.7) 202 (46.3) 436 1.25 (0.92–1.67) 0.143 1.22 (0.84–1.78) 0.294